Winifred W. Keeble

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A novel human keratinocyte-derived autocrine factor (KAF) was purified from conditioned medium by using heparin affinity chromatography as the first step. Purified KAF stimulated the growth of normal human keratinocytes, mouse AKR-2B cells, and a mouse keratinocyte cell line (BALB/MK). Heparin sulfate inhibited KAF mitogenic activity on all cell types(More)
The Fanconi anemia (FA) group C gene product (FANCC) functions to protect cells from cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of cross-linking agents. FANCC is also required for optimal activation of STAT1 in response to cytokine and growth factors and for suppressing cytokine-induced apoptosis by modulating the activity of double-stranded RNA-dependent protein(More)
Hematopoietic progenitor cells from Fanconi anemia (FA) group C (FA-C) patients display hypersensitivity to the apoptotic effects of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) and constitutively express a variety of IFN-dependent genes. Paradoxically, however, STAT1 activation is suppressed in IFN-stimulated FA cells, an abnormality corrected by transduction of normal(More)
Cells from individuals with Fanconi anemia (FA) arrest excessively in the G2/M cell cycle compartment after exposure to low doses of DNA cross-linking agents. The relationship of this abnormality to the fundamental genetic defect in such cells is unknown, but many investigators have speculated that the various FA genes directly regulate cell cycle(More)
The Fanconi anemia (FA) complementation group C gene product (FANCC) functions to protect hematopoietic cells from cytotoxicity induced by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). Because apoptotic responses of mutant FA-C cells involve activation of interferon-inducible, dsRNA-dependent protein(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production is abnormally high in Fanconi anemia (FA) cells and contributes to the hematopoietic defects seen in FA complementation group C-deficient (Fancc(-/-)) mice. Applying gene expression microarray and proteomic methods to studies on FANCC-deficient cells we found that genes encoding proteins directly involved(More)
Fanconi anemia is an inherited cancer predisposition disease characterized by cytogenetic and cellular hypersensitivity to cross-linking agents. Seeking evidence of Fanconi anemia protein dysfunction in women at risk of ovarian cancer, we screened ovarian surface epithelial cells from 25 primary cultures established from 22 patients using cross-linker(More)
Proteins encoded by five of the six known Fanconi anemia (FA) genes form a heteromeric complex that facilitates repair of DNA damage induced by cross-linking agents. A certain number of these proteins, notably FANCC, also function independently to modulate apoptotic signaling, at least in part, by suppressing ground state activation of the pro-apoptotic(More)
Amphiregulin (AR) is a heparin-regulated, epidermal growth factor-like growth factor capable of stimulating the proliferation of non-tumorigenic cells while inhibiting cell proliferation in some human tumor cell lines in vitro. In the present study, we have investigated AR mRNA expression in normal, hyperproliferative, and neoplastic human epithelium. Our(More)
Fanconi anemia, complementation group C (FANCC)-deficient hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells are hypersensitive to a variety of inhibitory cytokines, one of which, TNFα, can induce BM failure and clonal evolution in Fancc-deficient mice. FANCC-deficient macrophages are also hypersensitive to TLR activation and produce TNFα in an unrestrained fashion.(More)