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A striking and clinically relevant virulence trait of the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans is its ability to grow and switch reversibly among different morphological forms. Inhibition of yeast-to-hypha transition in C. albicans represents a new paradigm for antifungal intervention. We have previously demonstrated the novel antifungal activity of(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among gynaecologic cancers in Western countries. Our studies have shown that casein kinase I-epsilon (CKIε), a Wnt pathway protein, is significantly overexpressed in ovarian cancer tissues and is associated with poor survival. Ectopic expression of CKIε in normal human ovarian surface epithelial cells(More)
Aldehyde dehydrogenases belong to a superfamily of detoxifying enzymes that protect cells from carcinogenic aldehydes. Of the superfamily, ALDH1A1 has gained most attention because current studies have shown that its expression is associated with human cancer stem cells. However, ALDH1A1 is only one of the 19 human ALDH subfamilies currently known. The(More)
BACKGROUND Multidrug resistance (MDR) is frequently observed after prolonged treatment in human hepatoma with conventional anti-tumor drugs, and photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a recently suggested alternative to overcome MDR. The therapeutic potential of PDT was evaluated in a multidrug resistance (MDR) human hepatoma cell line R-HepG2 with photosensitizer(More)
Treatment of 3- or 4-nitrophthalonitrile with 1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-alpha-d-glucofuranose or 1,2:3,4-di-O-isopropylidene-alpha-d-galactopyranose in the presence of K(2)CO(3) gave the corresponding glycosubstituted phthalonitriles. These precursors underwent self-cyclisation, or mixed-cyclisation with the unsubstituted phthalonitrile, to afford the(More)
A series of unsymmetrical silicon(IV) phthalocyanines with a permethylated β-cyclodextrin unit and a sugar or a diamino moiety as the axial substituents have been prepared. These compounds are highly photocytotoxic with IC(50) values as low as 21 nM, which is ca. sevenfold lower than those of the symmetrical bis(cyclodextrin) analogue.
Treatment of 4,5-bis[4-(methoxycarbonyl)phenoxy]phthalonitrile and 4,5-bis[3,5-bis(methoxycarbonyl)phenoxy]phthalonitrile with an excess of 1,3-diiminoisoindoline in the presence of Zn(OAc)(2)·2H(2)O and 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene in triethylene glycol monomethyl ether or polyethylene glycol monomethyl ether (with an average molecular weight of 550)(More)
A new series of 1,4-dipegylated zinc(II) phthalocyanines have been synthesised and spectroscopically characterised. The derivatives ZnPc[O(CH(2)CH(2)O)(n)Me](2) (n = 2, 4, ca. 12) have been prepared by mixed cyclisation of the corresponding disubstituted phthalonitriles with an excess of unsubstituted phthalonitrile in the presence of Zn(OAc)(2) x 2 H(2)O(More)