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Intermittent tuberculosis treatment regimens have been developed to facilitate treatment supervision. Their efficacy has been substantiated by clinical trials and tuberculosis control programmes, notwithstanding the lack of head-to-head comparison between daily and intermittent regimens. Recently, there has been opposing evidence from observational studies,(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is lengthy, toxic, expensive, and has generally poor outcomes. We undertook an individual patient data meta-analysis to assess the impact on outcomes of the type, number, and duration of drugs used to treat MDR-TB. METHODS AND FINDINGS Three recent systematic reviews were used to identify(More)
Diabetes mellitus is associated with tuberculosis. A cohort of 42,116 clients aged 65 years or more, enrolled at 18 Elderly Health Service centers in Hong Kong in 2000, were followed up prospectively through the territory-wide tuberculosis registry for development of tuberculosis from 3 months after enrollment to December 31, 2005, by use of their identity(More)
BACKGROUND Summer predominance of tuberculosis (TB) was reported previously in temperate regions. No consistent data were available for lower latitudes. METHOD The monthly TB notification data in Hong Kong from 1991 to 2002 were examined for seasonal fluctuation. A seasonal model was then developed after standardization by period, sex, age, history of TB,(More)
Much remains unknown about latent infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Existing immunodiagnostic tools for this condition have various limitations, most importantly in their ability to predict disease. Randomised controlled trials have established protective efficacy of isoniazid therapy for 6-12 months among non-HIV-infected and HIV-infected(More)
BACKGROUND Malignancy is the leading cause of death in Hong Kong, and lung cancer tops the list of all cancer deaths. METHODS A cohort of clients aged ≥65 years, enrolled at 18 elderly health centres in Hong Kong from 2000 to 2003, was followed up prospectively through linkage with the territory-wide death registry for causes of death until 31 December(More)
  • C C Leung, W W Yew, +6 authors F Fu
  • 2007
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between smoking and tuberculosis (TB) among high-risk silicotic patients in Hong Kong. A cohort of 435 silicotic patients tuberculin tested from 1995-2002 was prospectively followed-up until the end of 2005. Baseline characteristics were analysed with respect to positive tuberculin reaction (>(More)
The impact of smoking on tuberculosis outcome was evaluated in a territory-wide treatment programme. 16,345 consecutive patients undergoing chemotherapy for active tuberculosis in government chest clinics in Hong Kong from 2001 to 2003 were followed up prospectively for 2 years for treatment outcome and subsequently tracked through the territory-wide(More)
A GWAS study has reported that two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with predisposition to tuberculosis (TB) in African populations. These two loci represented the long-waited GWAS hits for TB susceptibility. To determine whether these two SNPs are associated with TB in Chinese population, we attempted an replication in a cohort of(More)
In the present study, T-Spot.TB and the tuberculin skin test (TST) were compared in the screening of latent tuberculosis infection among silicotic patients. A conditional probability model was used to compare the potential clinical utilities of T-Spot.TB and TST performed on 134 silicotic subjects from December 1, 2004 to January 31, 2007. Data from a(More)