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Geckos are exceptional in their ability to climb rapidly up smooth vertical surfaces. Microscopy has shown that a gecko's foot has nearly five hundred thousand keratinous hairs or setae. Each 30-130 microm long seta is only one-tenth the diameter of a human hair and contains hundreds of projections terminating in 0.2-0.5 microm spatula-shaped structures.(More)
PURPOSE To assess the change in bone mineral density (BMD) after spinal cord injury (SCI) and to evaluate whether BMD loss can be reversed with the intervention of functional electric stimulation cycling exercises (FESCE). METHODS Fifteen males with SCI were included. Fifteen able-bodied males were also tested to compare BMD. In the SCI group, the FESCE(More)
Dipterous insects (the true flies) have a sophisticated pair of equilibrium organs called halteres that evolved from hind wings. The halteres are sensitive to Coriolis forces that result from angular rotations of the body and mediate corrective reflexes during flight. Like the aerodynamically functional fore wings, the halteres beat during flight and are(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of the prostate-specific antigen (PA) from human seminal plasma has been determined from analyses of the peptides generated by cyanogen bromide, hydroxylamine, endoproteinases Arg-C and Lys-C. The single polypeptide chain of PA contains 240-amino acid residues and has a calculated Mr of 26,496. An N-linked carbohydrate side(More)
The halteres of Dipteran insects play an important role in flight control. They are complex mechanosensory devices equipped with approximately 400 campaniform sensilla, cuticular strain gauges, which are organized into five fields at the base of each haltere. Despite the important role of these mechanosensory structures in flight, the central organization(More)
OBJECTIVE Localized nodular synovitis of the knee and pigmented villonodular synovitis are similar histologically. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the MR imaging appearance and clinical findings of localized nodular synovitis of the knee and to differentiate this condition from pigmented villonodular synovitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)
We have used high-speed video microscopy to measure in vivo length oscillations of the indirect flight muscles of the fruit fly Drosophila virilis during tethered flight. The changes in muscle strain were measured by tracking the deformation of the thoracic exoskeleton at the origin and insertion of both the dorsal longitudinal (DLM) and the dorsal ventral(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to differentiate the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging appearance of benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors (PNSTs) from that of malignant PNSTs. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-six patients who underwent MR imaging and had a histologic diagnosis of benign (schwannoma, n=16; neurofibroma, n=1) or malignant (n=9) PNST were(More)
PURPOSE To describe the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging appearance of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) stump entrapment in patients who presented with decreased knee extension after rupturing the ACL. MATERIALS AND METHODS MR images in 15 patients who had presented with a block to terminal knee extension after sustaining an ACL tear were retrospectively(More)
We have analyzed 83 unrelated Hong Kong Chinese for the presence of genetic variants of factor V gene. Forty-three of them had a history of deep vein thrombosis. The DNA sequence variations of exons 7, 10, and 13, where the codons for Arg306, Arg506, and Arg679 are located, respectively, were studied by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. The G1691-->A(More)