Wing Nang Leung

Learn More
Three new steroidal saponins 1-3, together with five known steroidal saponins, L-mannitol and an inorganic salt were isolated from Tribulus terrestris L. (Zygophyllaceae). The structures of the new steroidal saponins were elucidated as hecogenin 3-O-beta-xylopyranosyl(1-->3)-beta-glucopyranosyl(1-->4)-beta-galactopyr anoside (1), hecogenin(More)
The state of aggregation of the photosensitizer meso-tetrahydroxyphenylchlorin (mTHPC) in both cell free and intracellular environment was elucidated by comparing its absorption and excitation spectra. In methanol, mTHPC existed as monomers and strongly fluoresced. In aqueous solutions such as phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), mTHPC formed nonfluorescent(More)
The photodynamic effects of temoporfin (meso-tetrahydroxyphenylchlorin, mTHPC) and merocyanine 540 (MC540) in murine myeloid leukemia M1 and WEHI 3B (JCS) cells were compared. The mTHPC was found to be more potent and selective. At a lethal dosage of 90% killing (LD90), only 1.3 microM of mTHPC and 4.2 kJ/m2 of light irradiation was required, which was a(More)
This paper reviews the latest understanding of biological and pharmacological properties of osthole (7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one), a natural product found in several medicinal plants such as Cnidium monnieri and Angelica pubescens. In vitro and in vivo experimental results have revealed that osthole demonstrates multiple(More)
The effects of surgical denervation on proteins and glycoproteins of sarcolemmal membranes have been investigated using sarcolemmal fractions prepared from mixed rat muscles. Denervation did not cause any gross change in the protein composition but some consistent quantitative changes were detected. Denervation caused a significant increase in the binding(More)
The photodynamic properties of meta-tetra(hydroxyphenyl)chlorin (mTHPC), a promising second-generation photosensitizer, were investigated using a human colon adenocarcinoma cell line (Colo 201 cells). The study on photocytotoxicity using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide reduction assay showed that mTHPC was an effective(More)
The binding of merocyanine 540 (MC540) to murine myeloid leukemia (M1) cells and normal erythrocytes was measured by fluorescence digital imaging microscopy using an intensified charge-coupled device. It was found that, on average, about three times more MC540 were bound to a unit membrane area of M1 cells than erythrocytes, a result consistent with(More)
Pyropheophorbide-a methyl ester (MPPa) is a semisynthetic photosensitizer derived from chlorophyll a. The absorption peak of MPPa in organic solvent and in cells was at 667 and 674 nm, respectively. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide reduction assay showed that MPPa had no dark cytotoxicity. In vitro photodynamic activity was(More)
We compared the protein and glycoprotein composition of a sarcolemmal membrane fraction isolated from normal and denervated rat extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus muscles. Membranes from EDL and soleus muscles showed significantly different protein compositions. A relatively small number of glycoproteins, which were all minor proteins, accounted for(More)
Denervation produces significant changes in glycoproteins on the surfaces of skeletal muscles which can be detected as an increase in membrane-bound carbohydrate and an increase in specific binding of labelled lectins. The increased binding of concanavalin A to denervated membranes is detectable only in intact membranes and is abolished by treatments which(More)