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Royalisin found in the royal jelly of Apis mellifera is an antimicrobial peptide (AMP). It has a molecular weight of 5.5 kDa, which contains six cysteine residues. In this study, royalisin was overexpressed in Escherichia coli AD494 (DE3) as two oleosin-fusion proteins for preparation of its antibodies and functional purification. The recombinant royalisin,(More)
A cDNA fragment (FaPR4) encoding a class I pathogenesis-related protein 4 (PR-4) from Ficus awkeotsang was obtained by PCR cloning. Plant PR-4s were grouped into class I and II, differing by the presence of ChtBD and hinge. The predicted mature FaPR4 comprises N-terminal chitin-binding domain (ChtBD), hinge, Barwin domain and C-terminal extension. FaPR4-C,(More)
A cDNA fragment encoding cystatin, a cysteine protease inhibitor, was obtained from maturing sesame seeds. The clone was constructed in a nonfusion or fusion vector and then overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant cystatins were found in the soluble fraction of cell extract and were demonstrated to be functionally active in a reverse zymographic(More)
Phytocystatins are natural inhibitors of cysteine protease, and may regulate endo- or exo-genous proteolytic activities in plants. They are classified into Group I and II differing by the presence of C-terminal extension of Group II. A cDNA fragment encoding a Group II phytosystatin, SiCYS was previously obtained from sesame seeds. SiCYS as well as its two(More)
A cDNA clone, SiMT encoding an Ec type of metallothionein (MT)-like protein, was isolated from maturing seeds of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), and its deduced protein sequence shared 47-65% similarity to other known Ec type of MT-like proteins with three highly conserved cysteine-rich segments. The transcript of SiMT was exclusively accumulated in maturing(More)
Jelly curd used for a popular summer drink in Taiwan is prepared by extracting the pericarpial portion of jelly fig (Ficus awkeotsang Makino) achenes. The two most abundant proteins found in jelly curd have been identified as a pectin methylesterase and a chitinase. A method was developed to purify the next abundant protein by 40% ammonium sulfate(More)
A cDNA fragment encoding the cysteine protease inhibitor, cystatin, was cloned from pineapple (Ananas comosus) stem. This clone was constructed in a fusion vector and was easily over-expressed in Escherichia coli; satisfactory over-expression of non-fusion cystatin was achieved after an additional start codon was inserted prior to its coding sequence. Both(More)
A method was developed for production of sesame cystatin, a thermostable cysteine protease inhibitor. Sesame cystatin was first expressed in Escherichia coli as an insoluble recombinant protein fused to oleosin, a unique structural protein of seed oil bodies, by a short hydrophilic linker peptide. Stable artificial oil bodies were constituted with(More)
Thin-layer chromatography analysis revealed that the contents stored in oil bodies isolated from jelly fig (Ficus awkeotsang Makino) achenes were mainly neutral lipids (>90% triacylglycerols and approximately 5% diacylglycerols). Fatty acids released from the neutral lipids of achene oil bodies were highly unsaturated (62.65% alpha-linolenic acid, 18.24%(More)
Seed storage proteins of plants commonly comprise several groups of multiple isoforms encoded by gene families. From about 300 expressed sequence tag (EST) clones in maturing jelly fig (Ficus awkeotsang Makino) achenes, gene families encoding precursor polypeptides of two storage protein classes, including six 11S globulin isoforms and two 2S albumin(More)