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The aim of the study was to define the prevalence of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) in cattle and pigs in a Hong Kong abattoir. Faecal and carcass samples collected from 986 cattle and 487 pigs from an abattoir were tested for verotoxin (VT) by PCR and cytotoxicity assays. VTEC was isolated from 415 and 1-8% of cattle faecal and carcass samples(More)
  • V C C Cheng, W C Yam, +4 authors K Y Yuen
  • 2004
AIMS Use of the polymerase chain reaction for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB PCR) as a basis for making clinical decisions on the initiation of antituberculosis treatment was studied. METHODS A retrospective study involving a cohort of 155 patients being investigated for tuberculosis in an infectious disease consultation service was(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate oral yeast colonization and oral yeast strain diversity in irradiated (head and neck), dentate, xerostomic individuals. Subjects were recruited from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma clinic and were segregated into group A (age, <60 years [n = 25; average age +/- standard deviation (SD), 48 +/- 6 years; average(More)
OBJECTIVES Ninety-six percent of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis was shown to be associated with mutations inside the 81 bp rifampicin resistance-determining region (RRDR) located in the centre of the rpoB gene. The detection of rifampicin resistance by targeting the RRDR failed to match with a resistant phenotype in 4% of all cases. Our(More)
BACKGROUND Host genetic factors are important determinants in tuberculosis (TB). The SLC11A1 (or NRAMP1) gene has been studied extensively for genetic association with TB, but with inconsistent findings. In addition, no study has yet looked into the effect of sex and age on the relationship between SLC11A1 polymorphisms and TB. METHODS A case-control(More)
A PCR that amplifies a recently discovered Vibrio cholerae RTX (repeat in toxin) toxin gene was developed. Among 166 clinical and environmental isolates of V. cholerae causing epidemics and sporadic cases of cholera in various parts of the world, all were found to be toxigenic by both PCR and HEp-2 cell cytotoxicity assay. Standard strains of the classical(More)
AIMS To evaluate the usefulness of two IS6110 based typing methods, an amplityping assay and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis, for fingerprinting respiratory isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. METHODS For amplityping, a pair of primers which amplify the intervening sequence between the repetitive insertion sequence IS6110 was(More)
SUMMARY The human gingival niche is a unique microbial habitat. In this habitat, biofilm organisms exist in harmony, attached to either enamel or cemental surfaces of the tooth as well as to the crevicular epithelium, subjacent to a rich vascular plexus underneath. Due to this extraordinary anatomical juxtaposition, plaque biofilm bacteria have a ready(More)
Sinopulmonary and rhinocerebral zygomycosis has been increasingly found in patients with hematological malignancies and bone marrow transplantation, but intestinal zygomycosis remains very rare in the literature. We investigated an outbreak of intestinal infection due to Rhizopus microsporus in 12 patients on treatment for hematological malignancies over a(More)