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The inhalation pharmacokinetics and the endogenous production of ethylene has been determined in healthy volunteers with respect to the formation of the carcinogen ethylene oxide. Ethylene showed a low degree of accumulation in the body determined in six subjects, the thermodynamic partition coefficient "body/air" being 0.53 +/- 0.23 (mean +/- SD) and the(More)
Ethylene (ET) is a gaseous olefin of considerable industrial importance. It is also ubiquitous in the environment and is produced in plants, mammals, and humans. Uptake of exogenous ET occurs via inhalation. ET is biotransformed to ethylene oxide (EO), which is also an important volatile industrial chemical. This epoxide forms hydroxyethyl adducts with(More)
The plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is suspected to induce antiandrogenic effects in men via its metabolite mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP). However, there is only little information on the kinetic behavior of DEHP and its metabolites in humans. The toxikokinetics of DEHP was investigated in four male volunteers (28-61y) who ingested a(More)
Contents of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and of 16 further congeners--polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofuranes (PCDD/PCDF)--were determined in lipids of adipose tissue and of livers of 3 stillborns and of 17 infants (0.43-44 weeks old) who died from sudden infant death syndrome. International toxic equivalents (I-TEq) calculated for(More)
A physiological toxicokinetic model (PT model) was developed for inhaled isoprene in mouse, rat and man. Partition coefficients blood:air and tissue:blood were determined in vitro by a headspace method. Parameters of a saturable isoprene metabolism in B6C3F1 mice, Sprague-Dawley rats and volunteers were obtained from gas uptake experiments in closed(More)
Styrene (ST) occurs ubiquitously in the environment and it is an important industrial chemical. After its uptake by the exposed mammalian organism, ST is oxidized to styrene-7,8-oxide (SO) by cytochrome P450 dependent monooxygenases. This reactive intermediate is further metabolized by epoxide hydrolase (EH) and glutathione S-transferase (GST). In long-term(More)
Suppression of respiratory motion is one of the major challenges of magnetic resonance (MR) coronary angiography. Two approaches to compensate for respiratory motion have often been proposed: breath-hold (BH) and free-breathing respiratory-gated (FBRG) imaging. So far, however, these approaches have never been directly compared. MR coronary angiography was(More)
Propylene oxide (PO) is a relatively weak mutagen that induces nasal tumor formation in rats during long-term inhalation studies at high exposures (> or =300 p.p.m.), concentrations that also cause cytotoxicity and increases in cell proliferation. Direct alkylation of DNA by PO leads mainly to the formation of N:7-(2-hydroxypropyl)guanine (7-HPG). In this(More)
A comparison of the dose-dependent blood burden of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) in pregnant and nonpregnant rats and marmosets is presented. Sprague-Dawley rats and marmosets were treated orally with 30 or 500 mg DEHP/kg per day, nonpregnant animals on 7 (rats) and 29 (marmosets) consecutive days, pregnant(More)
Propylene oxide (PO) is used as an intermediate in the chemical industry. Human exposure to PO may occur in the work place. Propylene, an important industrial chemical and a component of, for example, car exhausts and cigarette smoke, is another source of PO exposure. Once taken up in the organism, this epoxide alkylates macromolecules, such as haemoglobin(More)