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Rat kidney cortex slices were homogenized with a polytron in a isoosmotic medium containing 5 mmol/l EGTA. By two precipitations with MgCl2 (12 mmol/l) and differential centrifugation, brush border membranes were purified. The brush border marker enzymes alkaline phosphatase and aminopeptidase M were found to be enriched 17.0 +/- 5.3-fold and 16.7 +/-(More)
An expression library from porcine kidney cortex was screened with a monoclonal antibody (R4A6) which stimulates high-affinity phlorizin binding in kidney and intestine but does not react with the membrane protein (SGLT1) which mediates Na(+)-coupled transport of D-glucose (Hediger, M.A., Coady, M.J., Ikeda, T.S., and Wright, E.M. (1987) Nature 330,(More)
Full-grown prophase-arrested oocytes ofXenopus laevis were treated with 50nm phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), an activator of protein kinase C, or with 50nm 4α-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4αPDD) that does not activate protein kinase C. The effects on membrane currents and capacitance, inulin uptake and ouabain binding, and on membrane morphology were(More)
Transport and membrane integration of polypeptides is carried out by specific protein complexes in the membranes of all living cells. The Sec transport path provides an essential and ubiquitous route for protein translocation. In the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane, the channel is formed by oligomers of a heterotrimeric membrane protein complex consisting of(More)
In the light of the recently published structure of GlpF and AQP1, we have analysed the nature of the residues which could be involved in the formation of the selectivity filter of aquaporins, glycerol facilitators and aquaglyceroporins. We demonstrate that the functional specificity for major intrinsic protein (MIP) channels can be explained on one side by(More)
A homogeneous population of single cells from the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TALH) has been isolated from the rabbit kidney medulla. A total medullary cell suspension was prepared by a series of collagenase, hyaluronidase, and trypsin digestions and separated on a Ficoll gradient (2.6-30.7% wt/wt). Morphologically, the cells isolated from the(More)
ATP-dependent45Ca2+ uptake was investigated in purified plasma membranes from rat pancreatic acinar cells. Plasma membranes were purified by four subsequent precipitations with MgCl2 and characterized by marker enzyme distribution. When compared to the total homogenate, typical marker enzymes for the plasma membrane, (Na+,K+)-ATPase, basal adenylate cyclase(More)
Pancreas of the cat was fractionated into its subcellular components by centrifugation through an exponential ficoll-sucrose density gradient in a zonal rotor. This enables a preparation of four fractions enriched in plasma membranes, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria and zymogen granules, respectively. The first fraction, enriched by 9- to 15-fold in the(More)
Orientation of rat renal and intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles was studied with two independent methods: electron-microscopic freeze-fracture technique and immunological methods. With the freeze-fracture technique a distinct asymmetric distribution of particles on the two membrane fracture faces was demonstrated; this was used as a criterion for(More)
The methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris was tested for heterologous expression of the mouse 5-HT5A receptor. Three different expression plasmids were constructed where the cDNA of the receptor was cloned under the transcriptional control of the highly inducible promoter of the P. pastoris alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) gen. The expression plasmids differed with(More)