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In a previous positron emission tomography (PET) study with the serotonin transporter (SERT) ligand [(11)C](+)McN5652, we found protracted reduction of the availability of the brain SERT in users of the drug ecstasy. However, the multi-linear reference tissue method for the quantification of SERT availability used in this study is prone to effects of(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) is a useful surrogate marker of neuronal activity and a parameter of primary interest in the diagnosis of many diseases. The increasing use of mouse models spawns the demand for in vivo measurement of rCBF in the mouse. Small animal SPECT provides excellent spatial resolution at adequate sensitivity and is therefore a(More)
UNLABELLED PET and SPECT have suggested that there is an age-related decline of up to 10% per decade in the availability of brain serotonin transporter (SERT) in healthy subjects, starting as early as the age of 20 y. The aim of the present study was to verify these findings in young subjects. METHODS The equilibrium specific-to-nonspecific partition(More)
PURPOSE Visual reading of [(123)I]IBZM SPECT scans depends on the experience of the interpreter. Therefore, semi-quantification of striatal IBZM uptake is commonly considered mandatory. However, semi-quantification is time consuming and prone to error, particularly if the volumes of interest (VOIs) are positioned manually. Therefore, the present paper(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) gained increasing acceptance for the voxel-based statistical evaluation of brain positron emission tomography (PET) with the glucose analog 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) in patients with suspected Alzheimer's disease (AD). To increase the sensitivity for detection of local changes,(More)
PURPOSE Attenuation correction (AC) based on low-dose computed tomography (CT) could be more accurate in brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) than the widely used Chang method, and, therefore, has the potential to improve both semi-quantitative analysis and visual image interpretation. The present study evaluated CT-based AC for dopamine(More)
BACKGROUND Positron emission tomography (PET) with F-18-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) provides remarkable accuracy in detection, treatment monitoring and follow-up of systemic malignant lymphoma. Its value in the management of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is less clear. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a prospective trial, 42(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the clinical efficacy of In-111 DTPA octreotide SPECT/CT and Ga-68 DOTATOC PET/CT for detection of primary tumors in patients with either neuroendocrine tumor of unknown primary (NETUP) or clinically suspected primary NET (SNET). PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 123 patients were included from 2006 to 2009, 52 received Ga-68 DOTATOC(More)
INTRODUCTION Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) with (68)Ga-DOTATOC positron emission tomography ((68)Ga-DOTATOC-PET) were compared retrospectively for their ability to delineate infracranial extension of skull base (SB) meningiomas treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. METHODS Fifty patients with 56 meningiomas(More)
Increased amino acid uptake has been demonstrated in intracerebral tumours and head and neck carcinomas of squamous cell origin. We investigated the potential impact of using (18)F-fluoro-ethyl-tyrosine ((18)F-FET)-PET/CT in addition to conventional imaging for gross tumour volume (GTV) delineation in stereotactic radiotherapy of skull base tumours. The(More)