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OBJECTIVE By performing sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy, its detecting and predictive value to the cervical metastasis in the head and neck cancer patients was studied. METHODS Intraoperative SLN biopsy was done in 51 untreated head and neck cancer patients who all had no metastasis before operation. The lesions were: laryngeal cancer 23, pharyngeal(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical trials indicate a beneficial effect of intracoronary infusion of progenitor cells on myocardial function in patients with ischemic heart disease. The extent and potential determinants of proangiogenic progenitor cell homing into the damaged myocardium after intracoronary infusion and the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. METHOD(More)
In a previous positron emission tomography (PET) study with the serotonin transporter (SERT) ligand [(11)C](+)McN5652, we found protracted reduction of the availability of the brain SERT in users of the drug ecstasy. However, the multi-linear reference tissue method for the quantification of SERT availability used in this study is prone to effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Positron emission tomography (PET) with the glucose analog F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is widely used in the diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases. Guidelines recommend voxel-based statistical testing to support visual evaluation of the PET images. However, the performance of voxel-based testing strongly depends on each single preprocessing(More)
Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) is a useful surrogate marker of neuronal activity and a parameter of primary interest in the diagnosis of many diseases. The increasing use of mouse models spawns the demand for in vivo measurement of rCBF in the mouse. Small animal SPECT provides excellent spatial resolution at adequate sensitivity and is therefore a(More)
BACKGROUND Transplantation of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) improves vascularization and left ventricular function after experimental myocardial ischemia. However, tissue distribution of transplanted EPCs has not yet been monitored in living animals. Therefore, we tested whether radioactive labeling allows us to detect injected EPCs. METHODS AND(More)
UNLABELLED PET and SPECT have suggested that there is an age-related decline of up to 10% per decade in the availability of brain serotonin transporter (SERT) in healthy subjects, starting as early as the age of 20 y. The aim of the present study was to verify these findings in young subjects. METHODS The equilibrium specific-to-nonspecific partition(More)
PURPOSE Visual reading of [(123)I]IBZM SPECT scans depends on the experience of the interpreter. Therefore, semi-quantification of striatal IBZM uptake is commonly considered mandatory. However, semi-quantification is time consuming and prone to error, particularly if the volumes of interest (VOIs) are positioned manually. Therefore, the present paper(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) gained increasing acceptance for the voxel-based statistical evaluation of brain positron emission tomography (PET) with the glucose analog 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) in patients with suspected Alzheimer's disease (AD). To increase the sensitivity for detection of local changes,(More)
BACKGROUND The presence, extent and localization of distant metastases are key prognostic factors in breast cancer patients and play a central role in therapeutic decision making. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of positron emission tomography using 2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG-PET) with that of computed(More)