Winfried Beil

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A family of three novel aminofuran antibiotics named as proximicins was isolated from the marine Verrucosispora strain MG-37. Proximicin A was detected in parallel in the marine abyssomicin producer "Verrucosispora maris" AB-18-032. The characteristic structural element of proximicins is 4-amino-furan-2-carboxylic acid, a hitherto unknown gamma-amino acid.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Helicobacter pylori may affect the normal balance between gastric epithelial cell proliferation and epithelial cell death, thus interfering with the maintenance of gastric mucosal integrity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of H. pylori on cell growth, DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, and viability of human gastric(More)
Caboxamycin, a new benzoxazole antibiotic, was detected by HPLC-diode array screening in extracts of the marine strain Streptomyces sp. NTK 937, which was isolated from deep-sea sediment collected in the Canary Basin. The structure of caboxamycin was determined by mass spectrometry, NMR experiments and X-ray analysis. It showed inhibitory activity against(More)
During the last 10 years marine organisms have provided a large number of new natural products. Interesting compounds have mainly been derived from macroorganisms such as sponges, ascidians, corals and bryozoans. The number of secondary metabolites from marine microorganisms is smaller, but rapidly increasing. Because of the enormous difficulties involved(More)
The marine strain Bacillus pumilus strain AAS3, isolated from the Mediterranean sponge Acanthella acuta, produced a diglucosyl-glycerolipid, 1,2-O-diacyl-3-[β-glucopyranosyl-(1–6)-β-glucopyranosyl)]glycerol, with 14-methylhexadecanoic acid and 12-methyltetradecanoic acid as the main fatty acid moieties (GGL11). On a 30 l scale, using artificial seawater(More)
The effect of the flavonoids flavone, flavanone and quercetin on parietal cell acid production, H+/K(+)-ATPase activity, gastric mucosal prostaglandin E2 biosynthesis and Helicobacter pylori growth was studied. All flavonoids inhibited acid production in isolated parietal cells in response to histamine and dibutyryl-cAMP stimulation (IC50 values between 26(More)
During the last few years 3 important drugs (terfenadine, mibefradil, cisapride) had to been withdrawn from the market because of serious drug-drug interactions. Polypragmacy, not only in advanced age, is often applied. Consequently the possibility of pharmacokinetic and/or pharmacodynamic drug interactions has always to be taken into account which can(More)
Two new aminophenoxazinone compounds with antitumor activity, elloxazinone A and B, were isolated from the culture filtrate of Streptomyces griseus Acta 2871. Their chemical structures were determined by mass spectrometry, NMR spectroscopy and X-ray analysis. Elloxazinones A and B showed a moderate inhibition of the proliferation of human cells from gastric(More)
Glucocorticoids are effective agents in the management of inflammatory bowel diseases. However, information about their effects on repair mechanisms of the intestinal epithelium is incomplete.Therefore, the aim was to analyse in vitro effects of glucocorticoids on proliferation, restitution, and apoptosis as well as their effects on activity and expression(More)