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Deficiency of the inhibitory FcgammaRIIB renders mice susceptible to autoimmune disorders characterized with cellular infiltration of target tissue. To analyze the role of FcgammaRIIB in an antibody-mediated autoimmune disease, experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG), FcgammaRIIB knockout (KO) and wild-type mice were immunized with acetylcholine(More)
Each infectious agent represents a unique combination of pathogen-associated molecular patterns that interact with specific pattern-recognition receptors expressed on immune cells. Therefore, we surmised that the blood immune cells of individuals with different infections might bear discriminative transcriptional signatures. Gene expression profiles were(More)
Systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SoJIA) represents up to 20% of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. We recently reported that interleukin (IL) 1 is an important mediator of this disease and that IL-1 blockade induces clinical remission. However, lack of specificity of the initial systemic manifestations leads to delays in diagnosis and initiation of(More)
Capsular polysaccharides of encapsulated bacteria are weakly immunogenic T cell-independent type 2 (TI-2) Ags. Recent findings suggest that BAFF system molecules have a critical role in the development of Ab responses against TI-2 Ags. In this study, we investigated the effect of bacterial polysaccharides on B cell responses to BAFF and a(More)
C5 deficient mice are highly resistant to experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) despite intact immune response to acetylcholine receptor (AChR), validating the pivotal role played by membrane attack complex (MAC, C5b-9) in neuromuscular junction destruction. To distinguish the significance of C5a from that of C5b in EAMG pathogenesis, C5a(More)
PURPOSE To establish a novel model of autoimmune ocular myasthenia gravis (oMG) in mice and study the pathogenic mechanisms of oMG. METHODS oMG was induced in HLA-DQ8 transgenic, HLA-DR3 transgenic, major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-deficient, C57BL/6, and C57BL/10 mice by immunization with an Escherichia coli plasmid expressing the(More)
Autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) is characterized by T cell and antibody responses to muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR). It is well known that MG as other autoimmune diseases is more prevalent in women than men and estrogen administration enhances experimental autoimmune MG (EAMG) severity. To determine whether estrogen influences EAMG(More)
Classical complement pathway factor, C4 is required for experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) pathogenesis. C4 is also a central component of the mannose binding lectin (MBL) pathway suggesting that this pathway might also be involved in MG pathogenesis. However, MBL gene deficient mice displayed intact anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR)-immune(More)
Immune response to T cell independent type 2 (TI-2) Ags, such as bacterial polysaccharides, is severely impaired in X-linked immunodeficient (XID) mice. In this study, we investigated the involvement of a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) or BAFF and their receptors in the unresponsiveness of XID mouse to TI-2 Ags. We discovered that whereas serum BAFF(More)
INTRODUCTION HLA-DQ8 transgenic mice develop ocular myasthenia gravis (oMG), which then progresses to generalized MG (gMG) when immunized with the human acetylcholine receptor (H-AChR) α subunit. Because the fetal AChR γ subunit is expressed in adult extraocular muscles, we anticipated that γ subunit immunization would generate an immune response to mouse(More)