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Deficiency of the inhibitory FcgammaRIIB renders mice susceptible to autoimmune disorders characterized with cellular infiltration of target tissue. To analyze the role of FcgammaRIIB in an antibody-mediated autoimmune disease, experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG), FcgammaRIIB knockout (KO) and wild-type mice were immunized with acetylcholine(More)
Each infectious agent represents a unique combination of pathogen-associated molecular patterns that interact with specific pattern-recognition receptors expressed on immune cells. Therefore, we surmised that the blood immune cells of individuals with different infections might bear discriminative transcriptional signatures. Gene expression profiles were(More)
Systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SoJIA) represents up to 20% of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. We recently reported that interleukin (IL) 1 is an important mediator of this disease and that IL-1 blockade induces clinical remission. However, lack of specificity of the initial systemic manifestations leads to delays in diagnosis and initiation of(More)
PURPOSE To establish a novel model of autoimmune ocular myasthenia gravis (oMG) in mice and study the pathogenic mechanisms of oMG. METHODS oMG was induced in HLA-DQ8 transgenic, HLA-DR3 transgenic, major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-deficient, C57BL/6, and C57BL/10 mice by immunization with an Escherichia coli plasmid expressing the(More)
C5 deficient mice are highly resistant to experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) despite intact immune response to acetylcholine receptor (AChR), validating the pivotal role played by membrane attack complex (MAC, C5b-9) in neuromuscular junction destruction. To distinguish the significance of C5a from that of C5b in EAMG pathogenesis, C5a(More)
Autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) is characterized by T cell and antibody responses to muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR). It is well known that MG as other autoimmune diseases is more prevalent in women than men and estrogen administration enhances experimental autoimmune MG (EAMG) severity. To determine whether estrogen influences EAMG(More)
INTRODUCTION HLA-DQ8 transgenic mice develop ocular myasthenia gravis (oMG), which then progresses to generalized MG (gMG) when immunized with the human acetylcholine receptor (H-AChR) α subunit. Because the fetal AChR γ subunit is expressed in adult extraocular muscles, we anticipated that γ subunit immunization would generate an immune response to mouse(More)
It has been shown that B cell activating factor receptor (BAFFR) is critical for B cell development and survival. In this study, we sought to evaluate the expression and function of BAFFR across multiple stains of mice that vary in their potential to develop systemic autoimmune disease. The inability of a commercial antibody to bind to BAFFR in the(More)
CD21, a major complement receptor expressed on B cells, is associated with autoimmune disorders. In the present study, we investigated the role of CD21 in pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis (MG) in relationship to anti-acetylcholine receptor (AchR) IgG (anti-AchR IgG) secretion. We detected increased surface expression of CD21 on AchR specified B cells as(More)
The potential of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce antigen-specific B cell responses to acetylcholine receptor (AChR) in myasthenia gravis (MG) was evaluated in wild type (WT) and CD4-/- C57BL/6 mice. The WT mice immunized with AChR in LPS developed an MG-like disease (LPS-EAMG) similar to that induced by immunization with AChR in complete Freund's(More)