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OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy of the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) abacavir, zidovudine (AZT), lamivudine (3TC), didanosine (ddI), and stavudine (d4T) to inhibit viral replication in brain macrophages. A severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mouse model of HIV-1 encephalitis (HIVE) was used to monitor spreading viral infection(More)
BACKGROUND Raltegravir is an HIV-1 integrase strand-transfer inhibitor with potent in vitro activity. This study explored the antiretroviral activity and safety of raltegravir in treatment-naive patients with plasma HIV-1 RNA levels > or = 5000 copies/mL and CD4 T-cell counts > or = 100 cells/mm. METHODS Multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled(More)
New evidence has emerged regarding when to commence antiretroviral therapy (ART), optimal treatment regimens, management of HIV co-infection with opportunistic infections, and management of ART failure. The 2014 guidelines were developed by the collaborations of the Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) and the Thai AIDS Society(More)
The relationship between monocyte immune responses and cognitive impairment during progressive human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection was investigated in 28 subjects receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. The mean+/-SEM CD4(+) T lymphocyte count and virus load for all patients were 237+/-41 cells/mm(3) and 77,091+/-195,372 HIV-1 RNA(More)
The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of HIV/AIDS patients who were admitted to the medical service, Siriraj Hospital from January 1, 2002 through December 31, 2002. Demographics, CD4 lymphocyte counts, discharge diagnoses, the incidence of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), cerebral toxoplasmosis and cryptococcosis in patients who(More)
AIM To compare the clinical and immunological efficacy, and tolerance of two dosage regimens of zidovudine (ZDV) in an adult Thai population with early symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease and to identify important clinical issues associated with conducting HIV trials in South-East Asia. METHODS HIV-infected Thai adults, with early(More)
BACKGROUND We compared treatment outcomes of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) in patients on fully or partially sensitive drug regimens. METHODS Factors associated with survival and failure were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards and discrete time conditional logistic models. RESULTS TDR, found in 60 (4.1%) of 1471 Asian treatment-naive patients,(More)
From November 1993 to December 1994, the seroprevalence of anti-HCV, HBsAg was studied among 346 HIV-infected persons (asymptomatic HIV-infected persons and AIDS patients) and 1,023 subjects from the general population (including 119 cord blood samples). The prevalence of anti-HCV, HBsAg among HIV-infected patients aged 15-45+ years was 11.0 and 11.6 per(More)
INTRODUCTION First-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) failure often results from the development of resistance-associated mutations (RAMs). Three patterns, including thymidine analogue mutations (TAMs), 69 Insertion (69Ins) and the Q151M complex, are associated with resistance to multiple-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and may compromise(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of raltegravir vs efavirenz-based antiretroviral therapy after 96 weeks in treatment-naive patients with HIV-1 infection. METHODS Multicenter, double-blind, randomized study of raltegravir (100, 200, 400, or 600 mg twice a day) vs efavirenz (600 mg every day), both with(More)