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BACKGROUND Dignity is a complex concept and there is little empirical research to show how older people view dignity. This study, using qualitative methods, explored the concept of dignity from the older person's perspective. METHODS 15 focus groups and two individual interviews were conducted in 12 different settings, with a total of 72 participants.(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the experiences of communication between older people and health and social care providers in six European countries. METHODS Focus groups were carried out with groups of older people (91 focus groups, 391 participants), and health and social care professionals (85 focus groups, 424 participants), in order to gain insights into(More)
Conclusions Snellen acuity is a poor indicator of an individual’s chance of passing a number plate test, and it cannot be assumed that a driver with a visual acuity of 6/9 will meet the standard for driving. All drivers with 6/9 vision or less must be encouraged to self assess. Conversely, it should not be assumed that a driver with a visual acuity of 6/12(More)
Nurses are responsible for the well-being and quality of life of many people, and therefore must meet high standards of technical and ethical competence. The most common form of ethical guidance is a code of ethics/professional practice; however, little research on how codes are viewed or used in practice has been undertaken. This study, carried out in six(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to explore the salience and meaning of dignity and dignified care for care providers and the implications for the proviosion of care. The project forms part of an international study being undertaken in different European countries comparing health and social care workers' views on dignity. METHOD Focus groups were chosen as(More)
Philosophy is often regarded as a subject which is only of interest to those engaged in academic pursuits. This paper suggests that it can be of practical value to nurse teachers. Indeed never more so than today, with the current emphasis on change and decision making, be it in relation to curriculum development or the future of professional education.(More)
Drawing on perspectives from the governmentality literature and the sociology of risk, this article explores the strategies, tools and mechanisms for managing risk in acute hospital trusts in the United Kingdom. The article uses qualitative material from an ethnographic study of four acute hospital trusts undertaken between 2008 and 2010 focusing on the(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine: older people's and their relatives' views of dignified care; health care practitioners' behaviours and practices in relation to dignified care; the occupational, organizational and cultural factors that impact on care; and develop evidence-based recommendations for dignified care. METHODS An ethnography of four acute trusts in(More)
Since 1964, the Declaration of Helsinki has been accepted internationally as the cornerstone for research ethics. As such it has been incorporated into a number of guidance documents for research undertaken on human subjects. In 1999, the American Medical Association put forward a proposal for wide-ranging revision of the document, which would significantly(More)