Learn More
In lab-on-chip devices, on which complete (bio-)chemical analysis laboratories are miniaturized and integrated, it is essential to manipulate fluids in sub-millimetre channels and sub-microlitre chambers. A special challenge in these small micro-fluidic systems is to create good mixing flows, since it is almost impossible to generate turbulence. We propose(More)
In this paper, we demonstrate that tunnel magnetoresistive (TMR) elements can be used as sensitive on-chip current sensors in the microampere to milliampere range for current-based IC testing such as power-pin testing and quiescent I/sub dd/ current (IDDQ) testing. The sensor can be integrated in CMOS ICs containing magnetic random access memory. TMR(More)
  • 1