Wim M.M. Schaaper

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Since the melanocortin MC3 and melanocortin MC4 receptors are the main melanocortin receptor subtypes expressed in rat brain, we characterized the activity and affinity of nine melanocortin receptor ligands using these receptors in vitro, as well as their activity in a well-defined melanocortin-induced behavior in the rat: grooming behavior. We report here(More)
We developed a method for expression in Arabidopsis of a transgene encoding a cleavable chimeric polyprotein. The polyprotein precursor consists of a leader peptide and two different antimicrobial proteins (AMPs), DmAMP1 originating from Dahlia merckii seeds and RsAFP2 originating from Raphanus sativus seeds, which are linked by an intervening sequence(More)
Peptides deduced from the central hydrophobic region (residues 158-189) of the G protein of bovine and ovine respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and of human RSV subtypes A and B were synthesized. These peptides were used to develop ELISAs to measure specifically antibodies against these types and subtypes of RSV. We have evaluated the bovine RSV-G peptide in(More)
A synthetic peptide vaccine which protects dogs against challenge with virulent canine parvovirus is described. The amino acid sequence used was discovered in previous studies on the immunogenic properties of previously mapped antigenic sites and represents the amino-terminal region of viral protein VP2. As with marker vaccines, it is possible to(More)
E(rns) is a pestivirus envelope glycoprotein and is the only known viral surface protein with RNase activity. E(rns) is a disulfide-linked homodimer of 100 kDa; it is found on the surface of pestivirus-infected cells and is secreted into the medium. In this study, the disulfide arrangement of the nine cysteines present in the mature dimer was established by(More)
The existence of various molecular weight forms of inhibin in ovarian follicular fluid has been reported earlier, while there is no information on the form of inhibin in testicular tissue. Inhibin bioactivity was therefore estimated in eluates of slices, obtained after SDS-PAGE of rat testicular and ovarian homogenates, rat Sertoli cell-conditioned medium(More)
Peptides reactive with two neutralizing monoclonal antibodies raised against intact foot-and-mouth disease virus A10 were identified with the aid of all overlapping (hexa)peptides of the outer structural viral protein VP1 and located on the viral surface. Using this procedure, it was possible to define those amino acids within a peptide which were critical(More)
Protein G of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an envelope glycoprotein that is structurally very different from its counterparts (haemagglutinin-neuraminidase and haemagglutinin) in other paramyxoviruses. In this study, we put forward a model for this unique viral envelope protein. We propose that protein G of RSV contains several independently folding(More)
The genome of Lelystad virus (LV), a positive-strand RNA virus, is 15 kb in length and contains 8 open reading frames that encode putative viral proteins. Synthetic polypeptides of 15 to 17 amino acids were selected from the amino acid sequences of ORFs 2 to 7 and anti-peptide sera were raised in rabbits. Using these anti-peptide sera and porcine anti-LV(More)
The antigenic structure of the capsid proteins of porcine parvovirus (PPV) was investigated. A total of nine linear epitopes were identified by Pepscan using porcine or rabbit anti-PPV antisera. No sites were identified with a panel of neutralising monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). All epitopes were located in the region corresponding to the major capsid(More)