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A century ago Wilhelm Ostwald received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Although Ostwald was never significantly involved with the phenomenon of chirality, one of his discoveries, Ostwald ripening, is thought to be involved in a recently discovered method in which grinding-induced attrition is used to transform racemic conglomerates virtually quantitatively… (More)
A straightforward unprecedented sublimation protocol that reveals both conversion of a racemic compound into a racemic conglomerate and subsequent enantioenrichment has been developed for the proteinogenic amino acid valine. The phenomenon has been observed in closed and open systems, providing insight into asymmetric amplification mechanisms under… (More)
Grind and cure: Using the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug naproxen, a novel concept is demonstrated to dramatically enhance the rate of the recently discovered process of deracemization using abrasive grinding. The process relies on a gradual feed of the racemic target material by an in situ conversion.
We report an in situ surface X-ray diffraction study of liquid AuIn metal alloys in contact with zinc-blende InP (111)(B) substrates at elevated temperatures. We observe strong layering of the liquid metal alloy in the first three atomic layers in contact with the substrate. The first atomic layer of the alloy has a higher indium concentration than in bulk.… (More)
Grinding them down: By using a tailor-made additive, even in the absence of racemization in solution, abrasive grinding can yield an enantiopure solid state. This novel chiral resolution technique is based on an asymmetric bifurcation in the crystal size distribution as a result of stereoselective hampered crystal growth. R = o-tolyl.