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The LPP gene is the preferred translocation partner of the HMGIC gene in a subclass of human benign mesenchymal tumors known as lipomas. Here we have characterized the LPP gene product that shares 41% of sequence identity with the focal adhesion protein zyxin. LPP localizes in focal adhesions as well as in cell-to-cell contacts, and it binds VASP, a protein(More)
The proprotein convertases (PCs) are a seven-member family of endoproteases that activate proproteins by cleavage at basic motifs. Expression patterns for individual PCs vary widely, and all cells express several members. The list of substrates activated by PCs has grown to include neuropeptides, peptide hormones, growth and differentiation factors,(More)
We recently showed that the 1.7 megabase multiple aberration region (MAR) on human chromosome 12q15 harbours recurrent breakpoints frequently found in a variety of benign solid tumours. We now report a candidate gene within MAR suspected to be of pathogenetical relevance. Using positional cloning, we have identified the high mobility group protein gene(More)
Terminal deletions of chromosome 10p result in a DiGeorge-like phenotype that includes hypoparathyroidism, heart defects, immune deficiency, deafness and renal malformations. Studies in patients with 10p deletions have defined two non-overlapping regions that contribute to this complex phenotype. These are the DiGeorge critical region II (refs 1, 2), which(More)
The zyxin-related LPP protein is localized at focal adhesions and cell-cell contacts and is involved in the regulation of smooth muscle cell migration. A known interaction partner of LPP in human is the tumor suppressor protein SCRIB. Knocking down scrib expression during zebrafish embryonic development results in defects of convergence and extension (C&E)(More)
The developmentally regulated HMGIC gene, which encodes an architectural transcription factor, has recently been linked to the pathogenesis of benign solid tumors with chromosome aberrations involving 12q13-15. Among these tumors are pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary glands, lipoma, uterine leiomyoma, hamartomas of the breast and lung, fibroadenoma of the(More)
Targeting of proteins to a particular cellular compartment is a critical determinant for proper functioning. LPP (LIM-containing lipoma-preferred partner) is a LIM domain protein that is localized at sites of cell adhesion and transiently in the nucleus. In various benign and malignant tumors, LPP is present in a mutant form, which permanently localizes the(More)
At sites of cell adhesion, proteins exist that not only perform structural tasks but also have a signaling function. Previously, we found that the Lipoma Preferred Partner (LPP) protein is localized at sites of cell adhesion such as focal adhesions and cell-cell contacts, and shuttles to the nucleus where it has transcriptional activation capacity. LPP is a(More)
Cytogenetic analysis of 184 adipose tissue tumors, 175 lipomas, and nine liposarcomas (LPS) showed the presence of a ring chromosome and/or a long marker chromosome in 10 cases with common histologic features such as atypical stromal cells with or without lipoblasts. In five of the cases, this appeared to be the sole cytogenetic abnormality. Fluorescence in(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterised by tumours of the parathyroids, pancreas and anterior pituitary that represents one of the familial cancer syndromes. The MEN1 locus has been previously localised to chromosome 11q13, and a <300 kb gene-rich region flanked centromerically by PYGM and telomerically by(More)