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BACKGROUND & AIMS Gastric arrhythmias occur in humans and experimental animals either spontaneously or induced by drugs or diseases. However, there is no information regarding the origin or the propagation patterns of the slow waves that underlie such arrhythmias. METHODS To elucidate this, simultaneous recordings were made on the antrum and the distal(More)
Detailed spatial analysis of propagation of individual action potential was performed during spontaneous bursts of activity in the isolated 17-day pregnant rat myometrium. Use was made of high-resolution mapping with simultaneous recordings from 240 extracellular electrodes. Positioning of the electrode assembly by itself did not have any adverse effects,(More)
We calculated the wavelength of the atrial impulse in chronically instrumented conscious dogs by measuring both conduction velocity and refractory period: wavelength = refractory period X conduction velocity. Implantation of multiple stimulating and recording electrodes allowed wavelength determination at four different areas: the right and left parts of(More)
In the isolated blood-perfused canine heart we produced episodes of rapid atrial flutter by continuous infusion of acetylcholine and rapid pacing. The spread of excitation during atrial flutter was mapped with the aid of two endocavitary mapping electrodes containing 960 leads and recording from 192 different sites simultaneously. The flutter maps clearly(More)
Slow waves are known to originate orally in the stomach and to propagate toward the antrum, but the exact location of the pacemaker and the precise pattern of propagation have not yet been studied. Using assemblies of 240 extracellular electrodes, simultaneous recordings of electrical activity were made on the fundus, corpus, and antrum in open abdominal(More)
In the small intestines, the major task of the slow wave is to induce mechanical movements in the intestinal wall by generating local calcium spikes. High resolution electrical mapping reveals fundamental differences in propagation between slow waves and calcium spikes. These differences suggest that slow waves and spikes are propagated by different(More)
We measured the wavelength of the cardiac impulse, defined as the distance traveled by the depolarization wave during the functional refractory period, in isolated narrow strips of rabbit atrium. During control, wavelength was 42 mm during pacing with 2 Hz, and was 28 mm at the maximum pacing rate; early premature beats had a wavelength as short as 23 mm.(More)
In isolated superfused left atria of the rabbit, inhomogeneity in conduction was quantified using the activation times measured with a high-density mapping system. At each recording site, the maximal difference with neighboring activation times (i.e., phase difference) was calculated. Local phase differences were plotted in a phase map, revealing the(More)
High-resolution, multi-electrode mapping is providing valuable new insights into the origin, propagation, and abnormalities of gastrointestinal (GI) slow wave activity. Construction of high-resolution mapping arrays has previously been a costly and time-consuming endeavor, and existing arrays are not well suited for human research as they cannot be reliably(More)
Epicardial activation patterns were determined during repetitive responses and nonsustained and sustained ventricular tachycardias induced by premature impulses in infarcted canine hearts. A multiplexing system enabled recordings to be obtained from up to 192 electrodes simultaneously either from the entire epicardial surface with a sock electrode array or(More)