Wim H. M. van der Poel

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To identify putative persistent bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) infections in cattle, seven cattle that had experienced BRSV infections were treated with corticosteroids for two periods of 5 days. During the 5-day periods and the 3 weeks after treatment, attempts were made to isolate BRSV from lung lavage fluid and nasal swab specimens.(More)
To study the epidemiology of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections during the year, the incidences of primary infections and reinfections were monitored by titrating antibodies to bovine RSV (BRSV) in cattle above 2 months of age in 6 dairy herds in the Netherlands. From August 1990 until September 1991, 884 cattle were sampled at one-month(More)
 Apparently healthy Rousettus aegyptiacus bats were randomly chosen from a Dutch colony naturally infected with European bat lyssavirus subgenotype 1a (EBL1a). These bats were euthanised three months after the first evidence of an EBL1a infection in the colony. EBL1a genomic and antigenomic RNAs of the nucleoprotein gene were detected by nested reverse(More)
A novel orthobunyavirus, named “Schmallenberg virus” (SBV), was first detected in the blood of cattle at the end of the summer in Germany in 2011, and subsequently in late autumn from the brain of a stillborn malformed lamb in The Netherlands. Full genome sequences, including 5′ and 3′ terminal “panhandle” sequences of the L, M, and S segments of the SBV(More)
Norovirus (NoV) is a member of the Caliciviridae family and is considered an emerging human enteric pathogen. NoVs are detected in farm animals such as cattle, sheep and pigs. Porcine NoV (PoNoV) is widespread worldwide, but frequency of infection is often low. This study aimed to investigate the natural PoNoV infection from adult animals of an important(More)
The immune response of calves was studied following infection with non-cell-passaged Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV). Two groups of 6 specific pathogen free (SPF) calves were housed in separate isolation rooms. One group was inoculated intranasally with a non-cell-passaged BRSV strain and the control group was mock-infected. A BRSV specific(More)
Recently, foodborne transmission of hepatitis E virus (HEV) has become a concern due to the identification of undercooked pork products as a risk factor for infection. The limited number of studies which have been performed indicate that HEV could remain infectious at temperatures used in some cooking regimes, although inactivation by heating at 71 °C for(More)
 In July 1997 a lyssavirus was isolated in Denmark from a colony of Egyptian flying foxes (Rousettus aegyptiacus) originating from a Dutch zoo. Sequencing of a 400 nucleotides coding region of the nucleoprotein and of a major part of the G-protein ectodomain encoding region of the newly isolated virus, revealed a very high similarity with European Bat(More)
To study the role of non-bovine species in the epidemiology of bovine respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections, sera obtained from 9 non-bovine animal species and from humans were examined for bovine RSV specific antibodies. Sera were mainly from animals and humans which had been in contact with cattle. Forty sera of each species were tested in an RSV(More)