Learn More
Using in silico analysis we studied a novel family of repetitive DNA sequences that is present among both domains of the prokaryotes (Archaea and Bacteria), but absent from eukaryotes or viruses. This family is characterized by direct repeats, varying in size from 21 to 37 bp, interspaced by similarly sized non-repetitive sequences. To appreciate their(More)
Campylobacter jejuni 81116 is able to switch flagellum formation on and off. To study the expression of flagellin, the main component of flagella, an expression library of C. jejuni DNA was constructed in lambda gt11. Screening of this library with a flagellin-specific antiserum resulted in a clone producing a beta-galactosidase-flagellin fusion protein; it(More)
The rapid increase in genomic sequences provides new opportunities for comparative genomics. In this report, we describe a novel family of repeat sequences that is present in Bacteria and Archaea but not in Eukarya. The repeat loci typically consisted of repetitive stretches of nucleotides with a length of 25 to 37 bp alternated by nonrepetitive DNA spacers(More)
Since the introduction of the genus Arcobacter in 1991, the association of Arcobacter butzleri, Arcobacter cryaerophilus and Arcobacter skirrowii with humans and animals has been clearly established. These bacteria have been detected world wide in products of animal origin and in healthy animals as well as in surface water. A fourth species Arcobacter(More)
Escherichia coli strains bind to Gal alpha 1-4Gal-containing glycolipids via P pili-associated G-adhesins. Three functional classes of adhesins with different binding specificities are encoded by conserved G-alleles. We suggest that the Class I papG-allele of strain J96 is a novel acquisition possibly introduced via horizontal gene transfer into one of the(More)
Seventeen Escherichia coli isolates from dogs with urinary tract infection (UTI) were characterized with respect to phylogenetic background and virulence genotype and were compared with the E. coli reference (ECOR) collection and with human clinical isolates with similar serotypes from patients with diverse extraintestinal infections. Most of the canine(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most prevalent causes of bovine mastitis. The antimicrobial treatment of this disease is currently based on antimicrobial susceptibility tests according to CLSI standards. However, various studies have shown that there is a discrepancy between the results of this standard susceptibility test and the actual cure rate of(More)
In this study, the occurrence of persistent intramammary infections caused by Escherichia coli with recurrent episodes of clinical mastitis caused by E. coli are described for a cohort of 300 Dutch dairy herds. Calculations on the recurrent episodes were based on data collected by dairy farmers. The genotype of the E. coli strains was determined by means of(More)
The Bordetella pertussis proteins P.69 (also designated pertactin) and pertussis toxin are important virulence factors and have been shown to confer protective immunity in animals and humans. Both proteins are used in the new generation of acellular pertussis vaccines (ACVs), and it is therefore important to study the degree of antigenic variation in these(More)