Wim Gaastra

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The Bordetella pertussis proteins P.69 (also designated pertactin) and pertussis toxin are important virulence factors and have been shown to confer protective immunity in animals and humans. Both proteins are used in the new generation of acellular pertussis vaccines (ACVs), and it is therefore important to study the degree of antigenic variation in these(More)
The essential oils of oregano and thyme are active against a number of food-borne pathogens, such as Escherichia coli O157:H7. Carvacrol is one of the major antibacterial components of these oils, and p-cymene is thought to be its precursor in the plant. The effects of carvacrol and p-cymene on protein synthesis in E. coli O157:H7 ATCC 43895 cells were(More)
BACKGROUND The objective was to investigate the phenotypic and genotypic resistance and the horizontal transfer of resistance determinants from Salmonella isolates from humans and animals in Vietnam. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The susceptibility of 297 epidemiologically unrelated non-typhoid Salmonella isolates was investigated by disk diffusion(More)
The TraJ protein is a central activator of F-like plasmid conjugal transfer. In a search for regulators of traJ expression, we studied the possible regulatory role of the cyclic AMP (cAMP)-cAMP receptor protein (CRP) complex in traJ transcription using a traJ-lacZ reporter system. A comparison of the enzyme activities in the wild-type Escherichia coli(More)
The extracytoplasmic function (ECF) σ factors are fundamental for bacterial adaptation to distinct environments and for survival under different stress conditions. The emerging pathogen Arcobacter butzleri possesses seven putative pairs of σ/anti-σ factors belonging to the ECF family. Here, we report the identification of the genes regulated by five out of(More)
A probe based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequences was developed to detect Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, the causative agent of Johne's disease in cattle. Three universal primers were used to sequence the amplified fragments of the 16S rRNA gene of various species of mycobacteria. When the nucleotide sequences were analysed, a deletion was detected in(More)
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