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A good definition of commensal microflora and an understanding of its relation to health are essential in preventing and combating disease. We hypothesized that the species richness of human oral microflora is underestimated. Saliva and supragingival plaque were sampled from 71 and 98 healthy adults, respectively. Amplicons from the V6 hypervariable region(More)
Most studies examining the commensal human oral microbiome are focused on disease or are limited in methodology. In order to diagnose and treat diseases at an early and reversible stage an in-depth definition of health is indispensible. The aim of this study therefore was to define the healthy oral microbiome using recent advances in sequencing technology(More)
The photosynthetic apparatus of Rhodobacter sphaeroides is comprised of three types of pigment-protein complex: the photochemical reaction centre and its attendant LH1 and LH2 light-harvesting complexes. To augment existing deletion/insertion mutants in the genes coding for these complexes we have constructed two further mutants, one of which is a novel(More)
An understanding of the relation of commensal microbiota to health is essential in preventing disease. Here we studied the oral microbial composition of children (N = 74, aged 3 - 18 years) in natural transition from their deciduous to a permanent dentition and related the microbial profiles to their oral health status. The microbial composition of saliva(More)
A number of Eubacteria contain a photoactive yellow protein which has a photosensory function in negative phototaxis. It has been proposed that the cofactor responsible for the intense yellow color of this protein is retinal [McRee, D. E., et al. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86, 6533-6537]. This would make it the first eubacterial rhodopsin. Here we(More)
Blue-light-induced repellent and demethylation responses, characteristic of behavioral adaptation, were observed in Rhodobacter sphaeroides. They were analyzed by computer-assisted motion analysis and through the release of volatile tritiated compounds from [methyl-(3)H]methionine-labeled cells, respectively. Increases in the stop frequency and the rate of(More)
Currently there are no evidence-based ecological measures for prevention of overgrowth and subsequent infection by fungi in the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to increase our knowledge on fungal-bacterial ecological interactions. Salivary Candida abundance of 82 Dutch adults aged 58-80 years was established relative to the bacterial load by(More)
We aimed to conduct a review of the literature for gene polymorphisms associated with chronic periodontitis (CP) susceptibility. A comprehensive search of the literature in English was performed using the keywords: periodontitis, periodontal disease, combined with the words genes, mutation, or polymorphism. Candidate gene polymorphism studies with a(More)
The solution structure of photoactive yellow protein (PYP), a photosensory protein from Ectothiorhodospira halophila, has been determined by multidimensional NMR spectroscopy. The structure consists of an open, twisted, 6-stranded, antiparallel beta-sheet, which is flanked by four alpha-helices on both sides. The final set of 26 selected structures is(More)
In periodontitis, tissue damage results mainly from aberrant host responses to oral microorganisms. Fibroblasts can play an important role in this. Gingival fibroblasts do not develop tolerance against the lipopolysaccharide of Porphyromonas gingivalis, a keystone pathogen in periodontitis, which may partly explain the persistence of inflammation. However,(More)