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This study examines the effects of ketoconazole, R 75 251 and some other cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on the in vivo metabolism of all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) in normal rats. Oral treatment with ketoconazole or R 75 251 (40 mg/kg, -1 hr) reduced the elimination rate of i.v. injected RA from plasma: the half-life of RA increased from 27 min in(More)
Ketoconazole, an antifungal agent and inhibitor of certain mammalian cytochrome P-450-dependent enzymes, was studied for its effects on the in vitro and in vivo metabolism of all-trans-retinoic acid (RA). In vitro, ketoconazole (Ki = 0.75 microM) inhibited, in an apparently competitive manner, the cytochrome P-450-mediated metabolism to 4-hydroxy- and(More)
Liarozole is an imidazole-containing compound that inhibits the cytochrome P-450-dependent metabolism of all-trans-retinoic acid (RA). In vitro, liarozole (IC50, 2.2 microM) suppressed the P-450-mediated conversion of RA to more polar metabolites by hamster liver microsomes. In vivo, it enhanced the plasma level of RA from mostly undetectable values (less(More)
The metabolism of 4-keto-all-trans-retinoic-acid (4-keto-RA), a biologically active oxygenated metabolite of all-trans-retinoic (RA), has been examined. In vitro, incubation of [14C]4-keto-RA with hamster liver microsomes in the presence of NADPH produced two major radioactive metabolites which were more polar than the parent compound. Following isolation,(More)
Liarozole is a new imidazole derivative with antitumoral properties. Effects of the compound alone and in combination with all-trans-retinoic acid on proliferation of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells were examined using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide assay. Following 9 days of drug exposure, MCF-7 cell growth was(More)
As in other pathogenic fungi, the major sterol synthesized by Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans is ergosterol. This yeast also shares with most pathogenic fungi a susceptibility of its cytochrome P-450-dependent ergosterol synthesis to nanomolar concentrations of itraconazole. Fifty percent inhibition of ergosterol synthesis was reached after 16 h of(More)
This paper presents the design and implementation of RELTEQ, a timed event management algorithm based on relative event times, supporting long event interarrival time, long lifetime of the event queue, no drift and low overhead. It is targeted at embedded operating systems. RELTEQ has been conceived to replace and improve the existing timed event management(More)
We have previously demonstrated that rat epidermal microsomes NADPH-dependently convert 15(S)-hydroperoxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid (15-HPETE) into 15-hydroxy-5,8,11-eicosatrienoic acid (15-HETrE). The present study examines the mechanism of this reductive conversion. Rat epidermal microsomes were incubated with [1-14C]15-HPETE in the presence and(More)
We studied the enzymatic characteristics of the oxidative catabolism of retinoic acid (RA) and its inhibition by liarozole-fumarate in homogenates of rat Dunning R3327G prostate tumors. Homogenates of rat liver were used as reference material. Both tumor and liver homogenates were able to catabolize retinoic acid. HPLC analysis revealed only very polar(More)