Wiltrud Richter

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OBJECTIVE Functional suitability and phenotypic stability of ectopic transplants are crucial factors in the clinical application of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for articular cartilage repair, and might require a stringent control of chondrogenic differentiation. This study evaluated whether human bone marrow-derived MSCs adopt natural differentiation(More)
Recent interest has focused on mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) for tissue engineering and regenerative therapy of cartilage defects. MSC originating from adipose tissue (ATSC) are attractive as they are easily available and abundant. They have similar properties like bone marrow derived MSC (BMSC), except for a reduced chondrogenic potential under standard(More)
Stiff-man syndrome (SMS) is a rare disorder of the central nervous system thought to result from an impairment of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurotransmission. Autoantibodies to the GABA-synthesizing enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), present in about 60% of SMS patients, have suggested an autoimmune pathogenesis of SMS. By using serum or(More)
Common in vitro protocols for chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) induce an inadequate, hypertrophic differentiation cascade reminiscent of endochondral bone formation. We aimed to modify chondrogenic protocols in order to identify potent inducers, promotors, and inhibitors to achieve better chondrogenesis. Nine factors suspected to stimulate or(More)
UNLABELLED Healing of fractures is dependent on vascularization of bone, which is in turn promoted by VEGF. It was shown that 0.1 and 1 mg of pVEGF165-GAM led to a significant increase in vascularization and bone regeneration in defects that would otherwise have led to atrophic nonunions. INTRODUCTION One reason for lack of bone healing in nonunions is(More)
InfoMax and FastICA are the independent component analysis algorithms most used and apparently most effective for brain fMRI. We show that this is linked to their ability to handle effectively sparse components rather than independent components as such. The mathematical design of better analysis tools for brain fMRI should thus emphasize other mathematical(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the chondrogenic potential of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) and adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ATSC), because the availability of an unlimited cell source replacing human chondrocytes could be strongly beneficial for cell therapy, tissue engineering, in vitro drug screening, and development of new(More)
Aim of the present study was to compare the osteogenic potential of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) and adipose-tissue derived stem cells (ASC) and to evaluate the influence of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the osteogenic capacity of ASC in a large animal model. Ovine BMSC (BMSC-group) and ASC (ASC-group) were seeded on mineralized(More)
The application of autologous chondrocytes in cartilage repair procedures is associated with several disadvantages, including injury of healthy cartilage in a preceding surgery frequently resulting in formation of inferior fibrocartilage at defect sites. In order to improve the quality of regeneration, adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are regarded as a(More)
Bone graft substitutes often exhibit poor bone regeneration in large defects because of inadequate vascularization. Studies have shown that if blood supply is compromised, application of osteogenic factors alone could not induce successful healing. This study was to evaluate the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor, which combined with a coralline(More)