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Tamoxifen significantly reduces tumor recurrence in certain patients with early-stage estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer, but markers predictive of treatment failure have not been identified. Here, we generated gene expression profiles of hormone receptor-positive primary breast cancers in a set of 60 patients treated with adjuvant tamoxifen(More)
PURPOSE Histologic tumor grade is a well-established prognostic factor for breast cancer, and tumor grade-associated genes are the common denominator of many prognostic gene signatures. The objectives of this study are as follows: (a) to develop a simple gene expression index for tumor grade (molecular grade index or MGI), and (b) to determine whether MGI(More)
PURPOSE We previously identified three genes, HOXB13, IL17BR and CHDH, and the HOXB13:IL17BR ratio index in particular, that strongly predicted clinical outcome in breast cancer patients receiving tamoxifen monotherapy. Confirmation in larger independent patient cohorts was needed to fully validate their clinical utility. PATIENTS AND METHODS Expression(More)
Orthopaedic implant technology is heavily based on the development and use of biomaterials. These are non-living materials (e.g. metals, polymers and ceramics) that are introduced into the human body as constituents of implants that fulfill or replace some important function. Examples would be prosthetic joint replacements and fracture fixation implants.(More)
Titanium (Ti) and its alloys are used extensively in orthopedic implants due to their excellent biocompatibility and mechanical properties. However, titanium-based implant materials have specific complications associated with their applications, such as the loosening of implant-host interface owing to unsatisfactory cell adhesion and the susceptibility of(More)
Cobalt chromium (CoCr) alloy is widely used in orthopedic implants but its functional longevity is susceptible to inflammation related complications. Reduction of the development of chronic inflammation on the biomaterial surface would enhance direct bone-implant bonding and improve implant survival and long-term results. The BMP-7 peptide was derived from(More)
INTRODUCTION Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is expressed in osteoarthritic articular cartilage. However, the pattern of VEGF expression throughout the whole life cycle of articular cartilage is not well elucidated. The aim of the study was to investigate the spatiotemporal expression of VEGF and its receptors, vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
Cobalt chromium (CoCr) alloys are widely used in orthopedic practice, however, lack of integration into the bone for long-term survival often occurs, leading to implant failure. Revision surgery to address such a failure involves increased risks, complications, and costs. Advances to enhancement of bone-implant interactions would improve implant longevity(More)
Orthopedic metallic prosthetic implants are commonly made of cobalt chromium (CoCr) alloys. However, such metal-based implants are susceptible to fibrous capsule formation on the implant surface after implantation. At the bone-implant interface, this capsule can prevent implant integration, resulting in loosening and failure. Minimizing the development of(More)
One of the key challenges in bone healing and regeneration is the engineering of an implant with surface properties that can enhance revascularization to meet the metabolic demands of recovery. Successful implant integration into the surrounding tissue is highly dependent on the crucial role of blood supply in driving bone repair and development.(More)