Wilson Steven Colucci

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BACKGROUND Controlled clinical trials have shown that beta-blockers can produce hemodynamic and symptomatic improvement in chronic heart failure, but the effect of these drugs on survival has not been determined. METHODS We enrolled 1094 patients with chronic heart failure in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, stratified program, in which patients were(More)
Heart failure remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The cellular mechanism underlying the development of cardiac dysfunction is a decrease in the number of viable cardiomyocytes. Recent observations have suggested that the adult heart may contain a progenitor cell population. Side population (SP) cells, characterized by a distinct Hoechst dye(More)
Fluctuations in heart rate above 0.03 Hz reflect autonomic modulation of sinoatrial node activity. To assess the dynamics of autonomic nervous activity during and immediately after exercise, we determined the power spectrum of heart rate and respiratory fluctuations in 43 normal subjects without known cardiac disease, 8 patients with severe congestive heart(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous infusion of nesiritide, a brain (B-type) natriuretic peptide, has beneficial hemodynamic effects in patients with decompensated congestive heart failure. We investigated the clinical use of nesiritide in such patients. METHODS Patients hospitalized because of symptomatic congestive heart failure were enrolled in either an efficacy(More)
Although increased external load initially induces cardiac hypertrophy with preserved contractility, sustained overload eventually leads to heart failure through poorly understood mechanisms. Here we describe a conditional transgenic system in mice characterized by the sequential development of adaptive cardiac hypertrophy with preserved contractility in(More)
We tested the hypothesis that the inflammatory cytokines can regulate fibroblast extracellular matrix metabolism. Neonatal and adult rat cardiac fibroblasts cultures in vitro were exposed to interleukin (IL)-1beta (4 ng/mL), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha; 100 ng/mL), IL-6 (10 ng/mL), or interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma; 500 U/mL) for 24 hours. IL-1beta,(More)
BACKGROUND beta-Adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) stimulation increases apoptosis in adult rat cardiac (ventricular) myocytes (ARVMs) via activation of adenylyl cyclase. beta(2)-ARs may couple to a G(i)-mediated signaling pathway that can oppose the actions of adenylyl cyclase. METHODS AND RESULTS In ARVMs, beta-AR stimulation for 24 hours increased the(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial sympathetic activity is increased in heart failure. We tested the hypothesis that norepinephrine (NE) stimulates apoptosis in adult rat ventricular myocytes in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS Myocytes were exposed to NE alone (10 micromol/L), NE+propranolol (2 micromol/L), NE+prazosin (0.1 micromol/L), or isoproterenol (ISO, 10(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of myocardial failure. We tested the hypothesis that oxidative stress can regulate extracellular matrix in cardiac fibroblasts. Neonatal and adult rat cardiac fibroblasts in vitro were exposed to H(2)O(2) (0.05-5 microM) or the superoxide-generating system xanthine (500 microM) plus xanthine(More)
Patients with diabetes and other obesity-linked conditions have increased susceptibility to cardiovascular disorders. The adipocytokine adiponectin is decreased in patients with obesity-linked diseases. Here, we found that pressure overload in adiponectin-deficient mice resulted in enhanced concentric cardiac hypertrophy and increased mortality that was(More)