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The human brain manages to correctly interpret almost every visual image it receives from the environment. Underlying this ability are contour grouping mechanisms that appropriately link local edge elements into global contours. Although a general view of how the brain achieves effective contour grouping has emerged, there have been a number of different(More)
A descriptive function method was used to measure the detection, discrimination, and identification performance of a large population of single neurons recorded from within the primary visual cortex of the monkey and the cat, along six stimulus dimensions: contrast, spatial position, orientation, spatial frequency, temporal frequency, and direction of(More)
We model a degraded image as an original image that has been subject to linear frequency distortion and additive noise injection. Since the psychovisual effects of frequency distortion and noise injection are independent, we decouple these two sources of degradation and measure their effect on the human visual system. We develop a distortion measure (DM) of(More)
Foveated imaging exploits the fact that the spatial resolution of the human visual system decreases dramatically away from the point of gaze. Because of this fact, large bandwidth savings are obtained by matching the resolution of the transmitted image to the fall-off in resolution of the human visual system. We have developed a foveated multiresolution(More)
The responses of simple cells were recorded from the visual cortex of cats, as a function of the position and contrast of counterphase and drifting grating patterns, to assess whether direction selectivity can be accounted for on the basis of linear summation. The expected responses to a counterphase grating, given a strictly linear model, would be the sum(More)
A computational approach for analyzing visible textures is described. Textures are modeled as irradiance patterns containing a limited range of spatial frequencies, where mutually distinct textures differ significantly in their dominant characterizing frequencies. By encoding images into multiple narrow spatial frequency and orientation channels, the(More)
The early visual system is endowed with adaptive mechanisms that rapidly adjust gain and integration time based on the local luminance (mean intensity) and contrast (standard deviation of intensity relative to the mean). Here we show that these mechanisms are matched to the statistics of the environment. First, we measured the joint distribution of(More)
631 Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a noninvasive technique for measuring changes in cerebral blood flow and oxygenation that reflect the underlying neuronal activity. This new technology offers a powerful method for exploring the neuronal basis of human cognition, perception , and behavior, but its ultimate success will depend to a large(More)