Wilson P. Daugherty

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It is well known that the cognitive functions of juveniles recover to a greater extent than adult patients following traumatic brain injury (TBI). The exact mechanisms underlying this age-related disparity are unknown; however, we speculate that this improved recovery in juveniles following TBI may be associated with an endogenous neurogenic response in the(More)
OBJECT In the current study, the authors examined the effects of hyperbaric O2 (HBO) following fluid-percussion brain injury and its implications on brain tissue oxygenation (PO2) and O2 consumption (VO2) and mitochondrial function (redox potential). METHODS Cerebral tissue PO2 was measured following induction of a lateral fluid-percussion brain injury in(More)
CONTINUOUS OXYGEN DELIVERY and CO(2) clearance are paramount in the maintenance of normal brain function and tissue integrity. Under normal conditions, aerobic metabolism is the major source of energy in the brain, but this system may be compromised by the interruption of substrate delivery and disturbances in cerebral metabolism. These disruptions are(More)
Previous studies, using a biochemical measure of serotonergic neuronal function, show that inescapable, randomly presented sound pulses activate serotonergic neurons in the rat median raphe but not dorsal raphe nucleus. The present study reveals that this activation also occurs in serotonin projection areas, in hippocampus, nucleus accumbens and cortex but(More)
There is mounting evidence both from experimental and clinical studies that traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with a reduction of aerobic metabolism. This results from a variable combination of impaired substrate delivery and mitochondrial failure. Mitochondria, which are responsible for the production of 95% of cell adenosine triphosphate (ATP),(More)
Intracranial aneurysms in the pediatric population are relatively rare entities. Immunocompromised patients (often from HIV/AIDS or pharmacological immunosuppression) represent a significant fraction of children with cerebral aneurysms. One proposed mechanism of aneurysm formation in these patients is from direct infection of the affected arteries. In this(More)
OBJECT Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) has been shown to improve outcome after severe traumatic brain injury, but its underlying mechanisms are unknown. Following lateral fluid-percussion injury (FPI), the authors tested the effects of HBO2 treatment as well as enhanced normobaric oxygenation on mitochondrial function, as measured by both cognitive recovery and(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombolytic therapy is of proven and substantial benefit for select patients with acute cerebral ischemia. Diagnostic options and medical treatment options for acute stroke ischemia have undergone enormous changes in the past decades. Whereas initially stroke treatment was reduced to prevention, management of symptoms, and rehabilitation,(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor, mixed connective tissue variant (PMTMCT) is a rare tumor typically occurring in soft tissues and bone, causing oncogenic (tumor-induced) osteomalacia (TIO) through secretion of the phosphaturic hormone, fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23). Rare tumors identical to PMTMCT occur without known TIO. Intracranial(More)
The activation of rostrally projecting serotonergic (5-HT) neurons by acute sound stress is blocked by exogenous administration of the tridecapeptide neurotensin (NT). 5-HT neurons respond to acute sound stress within the median raphe nucleus (MRN), but not within the dorsal raphe nucleus or hindbrain regions. By use of the NT antagonist, SR 48692, the(More)