Wilma De Grava Kempinas

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The present study was designed to examine some short- and long-term effects of maternal restraint stress--during the period of sexual brain differentiation--on reproductive and endocrine systems, sexual behavior, and brain neurotransmitters in male rat descendants. Pregnant rats were exposed to restraint stress for 1 h/day from gestational days (GDs) 18 to(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental models are necessary to elucidate diabetes pathophysiological mechanisms not yet understood in humans. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the repercussions of the mild diabetes, considering two methodologies, on the pregnancy of Wistar rats and on the development of their offspring. METHODS In the 1st induction, female offspring were(More)
Hyperglycemic and hypoinsulinemic states caused by diabetes mellitus are usually related to some type of sexual dysfunction, resulting in infertility in humans and experimental models, mostly due to their effects on ejaculatory function. This study aimed to evaluate the possible role of testosterone in the restoration of normal ejaculatory function in(More)
BACKGROUND Given the established fact that obesity interferes with male reproductive functions, the present study aimed to evaluate sperm production in the testis and storage in the epididymis in a glutamate-induced model of obesity. METHODS Male rats were treated neonatally with monosodium glutamate (MSG) at doses of 4 mg/kg subcutaneously, or with(More)
BACKGROUND Neonatal STZ treatment induces a state of mild hyperglycemia in adult rats that disrupts metabolism and maternal/fetal interactions. The aim of this study was investigate the effect of neonatal STZ treatment on the physical development, behavior, and reproductive function of female Wistar rats from infancy to adulthood. METHODS At birth,(More)
Diabetic neuropathy can affect the male reproductive system. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate whether antioxidant (vitamins C and/or E) treatment could attenuate reproductive dysfunctions in hyperglycemic adult male rats. The animals were randomly assigned to one of four experimental groups: hyperglycemic control (Hy), hyperglycemic + 150(More)
Methylmercury, organic form of mercury, can increase the number of abnormal sperm and decrease sperm concentration and testosterone levels possibly due to the damage caused by reactive species to germ and Leydig cells. Maná-cubiu (Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal) is a native fruit from Amazon rich in iron, zinc, niacin, pectin, and citric acid, used in foods,(More)
Metal toxicology is one of the oldest areas of study of toxicology and one of the oldest environmental problems. Metals and metalloids are toxic elements at the top of the priority list of hazardous substances of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). However, several gaps of knowledge still exist that are related to their toxicity,(More)
Sperm acquire motility and fertility capacity during epididymal transit, under the control of androgens and sympathetic innervations. It is already known that the acceleration of epididymal sperm transit time can lead to lower sperm quality. In a previous work we showed that rats exposed to the anorexigen sibutramine, a non-selective(More)
Previous studies in rats suggested that picrotoxin, a GABA(A) receptor antagonist, may cause long-term changes in male reproductive physiology and behavior in rats exposed during prenatal and postnatal periods. The present study has further examined this phenomenon. Wistar rat dams were dosed subcutaneously with 0.75 mg/kg picrotoxin in saline, or vehicle(More)
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