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Stability of internal fixation by plate and screw depends on the interface of bone and screw threads. Bone-screw thread design was tested in a synthetic bone model to determine maximum bone-screw pullout force. The model was confirmed to provide reproducible results in a clinically relevant range. Consistent material properties were reflected in the(More)
Rigid molecule atomistic lattice dynamics calculations have been performed to predict the phonon spectra of the four polymorphs of carbamazepine, and these calculations predict that there should be differences in the spectra of all four forms. Terahertz spectra have been measured for forms I and III, and there are clearly different features between(More)
The surface structure of iron molybdate is of great significance since this is the industrial catalyst for the direct selective oxidation of methanol to formaldehyde. There is a debate concerning whether Fe 2 (MoO 4) 3 acts as a benign support for segregated MoO 3 or if there is an intrinsic property of the surface structure which facilitates its high(More)
There remains considerable debate over the active form of gold under operating conditions of a recently validated gold catalyst for acetylene hydrochlorination. We have performed an in situ x-ray absorption fine structure study of gold/carbon (Au/C) catalysts under acetylene hydrochlorination reaction conditions and show that highly active catalysts(More)
The development of efficient photocatalytic routines for producing hydrogen is of great importance as society moves away from energy sources derived from fossil fuels. Recent studies have identified that the addition of metal nanoparticles to TiO2 greatly enhances the photocatalytic performance of these materials towards the reforming of alcohols for(More)
Three recurring hypotheses are often used to explain the effect of non-thermal plasmas (NTPs) on NTP catalytic hybrid reactions; namely, modification or heating of the catalyst or creation of new reaction pathways by plasma-produced species. NTP-assisted methane (CH4 ) oxidation over Pd/Al2 O3 was investigated by direct monitoring of the X-ray absorption(More)
In the present work, a combination of imaging, spectroscopic and computational methods shows that 1-dodecanethiol undergoes S-deprotonation to form 1-dodecanethiolate on the surface of palladium nanoparticles, which then self-assembles into a structure that shows a high degree of order. The alkyl chain is largely in the all-trans conformation, which occurs(More)
A computational exploration of the low energy crystal structures of the pharmaceutical molecule phenobarbital is presented as a test of an approach for the crystal structure prediction of flexible molecules. Traditional transferable force field methods of modelling flexible molecules are unreliable for the level of accuracy required in crystal structure(More)
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