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BACKGROUND Mutations in the TUBA1A gene have been reported in patients with lissencephaly and perisylvian pachygyria. METHODS Twenty-five patients with malformations of cortical development ranging from lissencephaly to polymicrogyria were screened for mutations in TUBA1A. RESULTS Two novel heterozygous missense mutations in TUBA1A were identified:(More)
UNLABELLED Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant, lethal neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system, caused by an uncontrolled expansion of a CAG dynamic mutation in the coding region of the IT15gene. Although a majority of patients have a midlife onset of the disease, in a small number of patients the disease manifests before 20(More)
The diagnosis of a mitochondrial disorder is often difficult. Therefore, new approaches and diagnostic criteria are being developed. One of these tests is the aerobic forearm exercise test, a screening tool that can contribute to assess whether or not the patient suffers from a mitochondrial myopathy. With this simple, non-invasive test, the oxidative(More)
A female neonate with pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) deficiency is presented with clinical, radiologic, biochemical, neuropathologic, and molecular genetic data. She was dysmorphic, with a high forehead, lowset ears, thin upper lip, upturned nose, and rhizomelic limbs. Cranial MRI revealed severe cortical atrophy, ventricular dilatation, and corpus callosum(More)
OBJECTIVE To report on the molecular identification of a novel heteroplasmic G-to-A transition at mitochondrial DNA position 3249 in transfer RNA(Leu) gene in a patient with a clinical phenotype resembling Kearns-Sayre syndrome. PATIENT AND METHODS A 34-year-old patient had been suffering for more than 10 years from progressive visual failure,(More)
A 2.5-year-old boy with bilateral striatal lesions is reported. Using polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and direct DNA sequencing, a novel point mutation (T to C) at nucleotide 8851 of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was identified. This mutation changes a highly conserved tryptophan to arginine in subunit 6 of the(More)
Campomelic dysplasia (CD) is a semilethal osteochondrodysplasia, characterized by skeletal anomalies that include bending of the long bones, and by XY sex reversal. CD results from haploinsufficiency for the transcription factor SOX9, a key regulator at various steps of cartilage differentiation and of early testis development. Two functional domains are so(More)
We describe three Belgian families with a L1436P mutation in the SCN4A gene, causing a sodium channel myotonia with an atypical clinical presentation, characterized by late onset painful cold-aggravated myotonia. These families represent a distinct phenotype within the spectrum of sodium channel myotonia.
Myotonic dystrophy (DM), Huntington's disease (HD) and Fragile X syndrome (FRAXA) are three monogenic disease which are caused by so-called dynamic mutations. These mutations are caused by triplet repeats inside or in the vicinity of the gene which have the tendency to expand beyond the normal range thus disrupting the normal functioning of the gene. We(More)
Neuropathological findings are reported of a 6-month-old female child with a "cerebral" lactic acidosis. A mutation in the pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) E1 alpha gene was found. Gross examination of the brain revealed a severe thinning of the cerebral parenchym, a marked hydrocephalus sparing the aqueduct and fourth ventricle, agenesis of the corpus callosum(More)