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BACKGROUND Mutations in the TUBA1A gene have been reported in patients with lissencephaly and perisylvian pachygyria. METHODS Twenty-five patients with malformations of cortical development ranging from lissencephaly to polymicrogyria were screened for mutations in TUBA1A. RESULTS Two novel heterozygous missense mutations in TUBA1A were identified:(More)
The introduction of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has raised concern about safety in terms of a possible increase in the incidence of major congenital malformations, chromosomal aberrations or developmental problems. The possible influence of genetic imprinting on an ICSI procedure has not yet been investigated. We therefore studied the(More)
UNLABELLED Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant, lethal neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system, caused by an uncontrolled expansion of a CAG dynamic mutation in the coding region of the IT15gene. Although a majority of patients have a midlife onset of the disease, in a small number of patients the disease manifests before 20(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (DM), or Steinert's disease, is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by myotonia, muscular weakness and atrophy, as well as lens opacities, cardiomyopathy and mild endocrine changes. The gene for DM located on 19q contains a triplet repeat at the 3' end of the gene. In DM patients, this repeat is found to be expanded. We have(More)
It has previously been shown that defects in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene are largely responsible for the condition of congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD), without associated renal abnormalities, in Caucasian populations. To assess the involvement of the CFTR in CBAVD in a population with presumed(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common genetic disease among Caucasians. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is one of the most common X-linked genetic disorders. The CF and DMD genes were discovered a few years ago, which provided the possibility for prenatal diagnosis and preimplantation diagnosis of CF and DMD by using specific DNA analysis. In this(More)
The diagnosis of a mitochondrial disorder is often difficult. Therefore, new approaches and diagnostic criteria are being developed. One of these tests is the aerobic forearm exercise test, a screening tool that can contribute to assess whether or not the patient suffers from a mitochondrial myopathy. With this simple, non-invasive test, the oxidative(More)
A female neonate with pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) deficiency is presented with clinical, radiologic, biochemical, neuropathologic, and molecular genetic data. She was dysmorphic, with a high forehead, lowset ears, thin upper lip, upturned nose, and rhizomelic limbs. Cranial MRI revealed severe cortical atrophy, ventricular dilatation, and corpus callosum(More)
OBJECTIVE To report on the molecular identification of a novel heteroplasmic G-to-A transition at mitochondrial DNA position 3249 in transfer RNA(Leu) gene in a patient with a clinical phenotype resembling Kearns-Sayre syndrome. PATIENT AND METHODS A 34-year-old patient had been suffering for more than 10 years from progressive visual failure,(More)
BACKGROUND Male infertility caused by a maturation arrest of spermatogenesis is a condition with an abrupt stop in spermatogenesis, mostly at the level of primary spermatocytes. The etiology remains largely unknown. METHODS We focused on patients with a complete arrest at the spermatocyte level (n = 9) and used array comparative genomic hybridization to(More)