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Mice lacking the proto-oncogene c-fos develop the bone disease osteopetrosis. Fos mutant mice were found to have a block in the differentiation of bone-resorbing osteoclasts that was intrinsic to hematopoietic cells. Bone marrow transplantation rescued the osteopetrosis, and ectopic c-fos expression overcame this differentiation block. The lack of Fos also(More)
Colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) regulates the survival, proliferation and differentiation of mononuclear phagocytes. The osteopetrotic (op/op) mutant mouse is devoid of CSF-1 due to an inactivating mutation in the CSF-1 gene and is deficient in several mononuclear phagocyte subpopulations. To analyze more fully the requirement for CSF-1 in the(More)
The specific properties of mineralized tissues are defined by the composition of the fraction of the noncollagenous matrix proteins. Because these proteins play a pivotal role in the processes of cell differentiation and activation and of mineralization, their temporal and spatial expression is tightly regulated. Within this study, the expression of the(More)
Mouse calvaria-derived osteoblastlike cells have been shown to produce macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF). This factor may be involved in osteoclastogenesis and thus in bone resorption. In the present study we investigated whether the production of M-CSF was altered in the osteopetrotic mouse mutant strain op/op, characterized by a decrease in(More)
For cell-based cartilage repair strategies, an ex vivo expansion phase is required to obtain sufficient numbers of cells needed for therapy. Although recent reports demonstrated the central role of oxygen for the function and differentiation of chondrocytes, a beneficial effect of low oxygen concentrations during the expansion of the cells to further(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of cam-type deformities on hip magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in young males. METHODS This was a population-based cross-sectional study in young asymptomatic male individuals who underwent clinical examination and completed a self-report questionnaire. A random sample of participants was invited for MRI of the hip.(More)
OBJECTIVE Femoroacetabular impingement may be a risk factor for hip osteoarthritis in men. An underlying hip deformity of the cam type is common in asymptomatic men with nondysplastic hips. This study was undertaken to examine whether hip deformities of the cam type are associated with signs of hip abnormality, including labral lesions and articular(More)
OBJECTIVE Outcome in osteochondral allografting is limited by the immunological incompatibility of the grafted tissue. Based on a resistance of chondrocytes to photodynamic therapy in cell culture it is proposed that 5-aminolevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy (5-ALA-PDT) might be used to inactivate bone while maintaining viability of chondrocytes and(More)
Cartilage is a tissue with limited self-healing potential. Hence, cartilage defects require surgical attention to prevent or postpone the development of osteoarthritis. For cell-based cartilage repair strategies, in particular autologous chondrocyte implantation, articular chondrocytes are isolated from cartilage and expanded in vitro to increase the number(More)
Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) is synthesized as a secreted or membrane-bound molecule. We investigated whether osteoblastic cells produce these forms of CSF-1. Glutaraldehyde-fixed cell layers supported proliferation of the macrophage cell line BAC1.2F5, suggesting the presence of membrane- or/and matrix-associated CSF-1. Furthermore, CSF-1 activity(More)