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Specialized cell types exploit endosomal trafficking to deliver protein cargoes to cell type-specific lysosome-related organelles (LROs), but how endosomes are specified for this function is not known. In this study, we show that the clathrin adaptor AP-1 and the kinesin motor KIF13A together create peripheral recycling endosomal subdomains in melanocytes(More)
Procollagen (PC)-I aggregates transit through the Golgi complex without leaving the lumen of Golgi cisternae. Based on this evidence, we have proposed that PC-I is transported across the Golgi stacks by the cisternal maturation process. However, most secretory cargoes are small, freely diffusing proteins, thus raising the issue whether they move by a(More)
We have developed a simple correlative photooxidation method that allows for the direct ultrastructural visualization of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) upon illumination. The method, termed GRAB for GFP recognition after bleaching, uses oxygen radicals generated during the GFP bleaching process to photooxidize 3,3'-diaminobenzidine (DAB) into an(More)
In the most widely accepted version of the cisternal maturation/progression model of intra-Golgi transport, the polarity of the Golgi complex is maintained by retrograde transport of Golgi enzymes in COPI-coated vesicles. By analyzing enzyme localization in relation to the three-dimensional ultrastructure of the Golgi complex, we now observe that Golgi(More)
Membrane organelles often have complicated shapes and differ in their volume, surface area and membrane curvature. The ratio between the surface area of the cytosolic and luminal leaflets (trans-membrane area asymmetry (TAA)) determines the membrane curvature within different sites of the organelle. Thus, the shape of the organelle could be critically(More)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) in synovial fluid (SF) are gaining increased recognition as important factors in joint homeostasis, joint regeneration, and as biomarkers of joint disease. A limited number of studies have investigated EVs in SF samples of patients with joint disease, but knowledge on the role of EVs in healthy joints is lacking. In addition, no(More)
Three dimensional (3D) electron microscopy techniques have become valuable tools for investigating cellular architecture and the processes that govern it. A vast amount of information is available in every 3D tomogram but the options for presenting this information in a clear and visually appealing way are limited. To address this, we developed D-CAT; a(More)
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