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Specialized cell types exploit endosomal trafficking to deliver protein cargoes to cell type-specific lysosome-related organelles (LROs), but how endosomes are specified for this function is not known. In this study, we show that the clathrin adaptor AP-1 and the kinesin motor KIF13A together create peripheral recycling endosomal subdomains in melanocytes(More)
The organization of secretory traffic remains unclear, mainly because of the complex structure and dynamics of the secretory pathway. We have thus studied a simplified system, a single synchronized traffic wave crossing an individual Golgi stack, using electron tomography. Endoplasmic-reticulum-to-Golgi carriers join the stack by fusing with cis cisternae(More)
Protein transport between the ER and the Golgi in mammalian cells occurs via large pleiomorphic carriers, and most current models suggest that these are formed by the fusion of small ER-derived COPII vesicles. We have examined the dynamics and structural features of these carriers during and after their formation from the ER by correlative video/light(More)
Electron tomography is a versatile method for obtaining three-dimensional (3D) images with transmission electron microscopy. The technique is suitable to investigate cell organelles and tissue sections (100-500 nm thick) with 4-20 nm resolution. 3D reconstructions are obtained by processing a series of images acquired with the samples tilted over different(More)
"Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera" is a newly discovered denitrifying methanotroph that is unrelated to previously known methanotrophs. This bacterium is a member of the NC10 phylum and couples methane oxidation to denitrification through a newly discovered intra-aerobic pathway. In the present study, we report the first ultrastructural study of "Ca.(More)
Compartmentalization of eukaryotic cells is created and maintained through membrane rearrangements that include membrane transport and organelle biogenesis. Three-dimensional reconstructions with nanoscale resolution in combination with protein localization are essential for an accurate molecular dissection of these processes. The yeast Saccharomyces(More)
We have developed a simple correlative photooxidation method that allows for the direct ultrastructural visualization of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) upon illumination. The method, termed GRAB for GFP recognition after bleaching, uses oxygen radicals generated during the GFP bleaching process to photooxidize 3,3'-diaminobenzidine (DAB) into an(More)
Transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi complex requires assembly of the COPII coat complex at ER exit sites. Recent studies have raised the question as to whether in mammalian cells COPII coats give rise to COPII-coated transport vesicles or instead form ER sub-domains that collect proteins for transport via non-coated carriers. To(More)
Mannose-6-phosphate receptors (MPRs) transport lysosomal hydrolases from the trans Golgi network (TGN) to endosomes. Recently, the multi-ligand receptor sortilin has also been implicated in this transport, but the transport carriers involved herein have not been identified. By quantitative immuno-electron microscopy, we localized endogenous sortilin of(More)
Procollagen (PC)-I aggregates transit through the Golgi complex without leaving the lumen of Golgi cisternae. Based on this evidence, we have proposed that PC-I is transported across the Golgi stacks by the cisternal maturation process. However, most secretory cargoes are small, freely diffusing proteins, thus raising the issue whether they move by a(More)