William Work

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Demographically comparable groups of children exposed to major life-stress, with stress resilient (SR) and stress affected (SA) outcomes at ages 10 to 12, were interviewed to assess perceptions of their caregiving environments, peer relationships, and themselves. SR children compared with SA children reported more: (1) positive relationships with primary(More)
The concept of heightened resilience or invulnerability in young profoundly stressed children is developed in terms of its implications for a psychology of wellness and for primary prevention in mental health. Relevant literature is reviewed, a skeletal model for studying resilience is outlined, and needed research directions are considered. The latter(More)
Reports findings from interviews with parents of demographically-comparable groups of highly-stressed urban children with stress-resilient (SR) and stress-affected (SA) outcomes at ages 10-12. SR and SA children were compared on family milieu and child development variables assessed within a developmental framework. Compared to SAs, parents of SRs scored(More)
This study tested hypotheses from an organizational-developmental model for childhood resilience. In this model resilience reflects a child's mastery of age-salient objectives, in the face of substantial adversity, by drawing on internal and external resources that enhance processes of adaptation specific to each developmental stage. Interviews were(More)
Describes the development and evaluation of a pilot 12-session, school-based preventive intervention designed to enhance resilience among inner-city children who have experienced major life stress. Thirty-six 4th–6th grade children participated in the intervention in groups of 5–8 co-led by school personnel. The curriculum focussed on understanding feelings(More)
Separate in-depth interviews were conducted with two groups of highly stressed 4th-6th grade urban children classified as stress-affected (SA) and stress-resilient (SR), and their parents. Judges identified interview items reflecting three components of a good parent-child relationship, i.e. positive parental attitudes, involvement and guidance. SR parents(More)
Reports follow-up study of 181 young highly stressed urban children, classified as stress-resilient (SR) and stress-affected (SA) 1 1/2-2 years earlier. At follow-up (T2), children were retested on five initial (T1) test measures: self-rated adjustment, perceived competence, social problem solving, realistic control attributions, and empathy; parents and(More)
The Rochester Child Resilience Project is a coordinated set of studies of the correlates and antecedents of outcomes relating to resilience among profoundly stressed urban children. The studies have been conducted over the course of the past decade. Based on child test data, parent, teacher, and self ratings of child adjustment, and in-depth individual(More)
Overviews the Rochester Child Resilience Project, describes its design and measures, and presents preliminary findings. Within a sample of 313 urban 4th–6th graders, convergent sources of evidence identified subsamples of 37 stress affected (SA) and 40 stress resilient (SR) children, all of whom, based on parent report, had experienced ≥4 stressful life(More)
Compares subsamples of 37 highly stressed children with stress affected (SA) outcomes and 40 demographically similar children with stress resilient (SR) outcomes, identified within a larger sample of 4th-6th grade urban youngsters. Comparisons were made on a battery of 11 measures believed on conceptual and empirical grounds to have potential for(More)