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The amino acid sequences of cytochrome b of complex III from five different mitochondrial sources (human, bovine, mouse, yeast, and Aspergillus nidulans) and the chloroplast cytochrome b6 from spinach show a high degree of homology. Calculation of the distribution of hydrophobic residues with a "hydropathy" function that is conserved in this family of(More)
  • W. A. Cramer, S. M. Theg, W. R. Widger
  • 1986
A sumary of biochemical, biophysical, and molecular biological data is presented which led to the identification of two different polypeptides (α and β, MW=9.16 and 4.27 kDa) in the cytochrome b-559 protein. The presence of a single His residue on each polypeptide, and the conclusion from spectroscopy that the heme coordination must be bis-histidine led to(More)
Altered metabolism in cancer cells is suspected to contribute to chemoresistance, but the precise mechanisms are unclear. Here, we show that intracellular ATP levels are a core determinant in the development of acquired cross-drug resistance of human colon cancer cells that harbor different genetic backgrounds. Drug-resistant cells were characterized by(More)
Protein modifications, such as carbonylation, nitration and formation of lipid peroxidation adducts, e.g. 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), are products of oxidative damage attributed to reactive oxygen species (ROS). The mitochondrial respiratory chain Complexes I and III have been shown to be a major source of ROS in vitro. Additionally, modifications of the(More)
Model studies have identified 16 conserved positively charged amino acids that form a positive strip pointing toward the center hole of Rho. Fourteen residues were individually changed to either an alanine or a glycine and one to a glutamate. Residues Arg(269), Arg(272), Lys(283), Arg(296), Lys(298), and Arg(299) form a subdomain (locus) located N-terminal(More)
Optical, resonance Raman, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopies have been used to characterize the ligands and spin state of the chloroplast cytochrome b-559. The protein was isolated from both maize and spinach in a low-potential form. The spectroscopic data indicate that the heme iron in both ferric and ferrous cytochrome b-559 is in its(More)
A physical restriction map of the genome of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7002 was assembled from AscI, NotI, SalI, and SfiI digests of intact genomic DNA separated on a contour-clamped homogeneous electric field pulsed-field gel electrophoresis system. An average genome size of 2.7 x 10(6) bp was calculated from 21 NotI, 37 SalI, or 27(More)
Bicyclomycin is a novel, commercially important antibiotic. Information concerning the site of bicyclomycin inhibition in Escherichia coli has been obtained by the production of bicyclomycin resistant mutants by UV irradiation. Selection by growth in the presence of bicyclomycin of a plasmid clone library generated from a highly resistant mutant in(More)
Altered energy metabolism is a cancer hallmark as malignant cells tailor their metabolic pathways to meet their energy requirements. Glucose and glutamine are the major nutrients that fuel cellular metabolism, and the pathways utilizing these nutrients are often altered in cancer. Here, we show that the long ncRNA CCAT2, located at the 8q24 amplicon on(More)
The hydrophobic cytochrome b-559, purified from unstacked, ethanol-washed spinach thylakoid membranes, using extraction with 2% Triton X-100 in 4 M urea and three chromatographic steps in the presence of protease inhibitors, has a dominant band on sodium dodecyl sulfate-urea gels corresponding to Mr = 10,000. The yield of this preparation is 30-50% (5-10(More)