William Widger

Learn More
The amino acid sequences of cytochrome b of complex III from five different mitochondrial sources (human, bovine, mouse, yeast, and Aspergillus nidulans) and the chloroplast cytochrome b6 from spinach show a high degree of homology. Calculation of the distribution of hydrophobic residues with a "hydropathy" function that is conserved in this family of(More)
Protein modifications, such as carbonylation, nitration and formation of lipid peroxidation adducts, e.g. 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), are products of oxidative damage attributed to reactive oxygen species (ROS). The mitochondrial respiratory chain Complexes I and III have been shown to be a major source of ROS in vitro. Additionally, modifications of the(More)
A sumary of biochemical, biophysical, and molecular biological data is presented which led to the identification of two different polypeptides (α and β, MW=9.16 and 4.27 kDa) in the cytochrome b-559 protein. The presence of a single His residue on each polypeptide, and the conclusion from spectroscopy that the heme coordination must be bis-histidine led to(More)
Altered metabolism in cancer cells is suspected to contribute to chemoresistance, but the precise mechanisms are unclear. Here, we show that intracellular ATP levels are a core determinant in the development of acquired cross-drug resistance of human colon cancer cells that harbor different genetic backgrounds. Drug-resistant cells were characterized by(More)
Optical, resonance Raman, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopies have been used to characterize the ligands and spin state of the chloroplast cytochrome b-559. The protein was isolated from both maize and spinach in a low-potential form. The spectroscopic data indicate that the heme iron in both ferric and ferrous cytochrome b-559 is in its(More)
A preparation is described through which large quantities of pure, active cytochrome b6/f complex can be isolated from spinach chloroplasts. The resulting complex is at least 90% pure with respect to the maximum content of redox centers, consists of four polypeptides according to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and lacks both ferredoxin: NADP+(More)
Model studies have identified 16 conserved positively charged amino acids that form a positive strip pointing toward the center hole of Rho. Fourteen residues were individually changed to either an alanine or a glycine and one to a glutamate. Residues Arg(269), Arg(272), Lys(283), Arg(296), Lys(298), and Arg(299) form a subdomain (locus) located N-terminal(More)
The gene encoding a novel light-repressed transcript (lrtA) contained within a 2.7-kbp EcoRI fragment has been cloned and sequenced from the unicellular cyanobacterium, Synechococcus PCC 7002. Northern analysis indicates that this transcript is synthesized rapidly in the dark, but upon 20 min of illumination, transcript levels fall below detectable limits.(More)
The staphylococcin-like peptide Pep-5 was shown to be a complex mixture of closely related and strongly basic peptides. Five peptides were purified by high-pressure liquid chromatography on reversed-phase and gel filtration columns and further characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and amino acid analysis. Four peptides(More)
Altered energy metabolism is a cancer hallmark as malignant cells tailor their metabolic pathways to meet their energy requirements. Glucose and glutamine are the major nutrients that fuel cellular metabolism, and the pathways utilizing these nutrients are often altered in cancer. Here, we show that the long ncRNA CCAT2, located at the 8q24 amplicon on(More)