Learn More
Ginseng total saponins (GTS) are the major active components of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, which has been used as a popular tonic herb for 2000 years in Far East countries. In the present study, two classic animal models: the forced swimming test (FST) and the chronic mild stress (CMS) model were used to evaluate the antidepressant-like activities of GTS. It(More)
Null mutations in the progranulin gene (PGRN) have been identified as a major cause of frontotemporal dementia with ubiquitinated inclusions. In this disorder, ubiquitinated, aggregated protein inclusions of a normally nuclear-located RNA processing protein called TAR DNA binding protein (TDP-43) accumulate in the neuronal cytoplasm (FTLD-TDP). To determine(More)
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) has been linked to mutations in the progranulin gene (GRN) that lead to progranulin (PGRN) haploinsufficiency. Thus far, our understanding of the effects of PGRN depletion in the brain has been derived from investigation of gross pathology, and more detailed analyses of cellular function have been lacking. We report that(More)
The product of the bcl-2 oncogene has been shown to play an important role in apoptosis and programmed cell death. In this study, a herpes simplex virus type-1 vector was constructed to carry the human bcl-2 gene. The possible role of bcl-2 in protecting neurons from excitoxicity was investigated by using the viral vector to deliver the gene into neuronal(More)
Kai Xin San (KXS), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has been used clinically for the treatment of depressive disorders and cognitive impairment for centuries. However, the effects of KXS on cognitive dysfunction induced by depression have not been evaluated scientifically. The present study aimed to explore the antidepressant-like and nootropic(More)
Phage PhiC31 integrase has potential as a means of inserting therapeutic genes into specific sites in the human genome. However, the possible interactions between PhiC31 integrase and cellular proteins have never been investigated. Using pLexA-PhiC31 integrase as bait, we screened a pB42AD-human fetal brain cDNA library for potential interacting cellular(More)
Secretory trafficking through the Golgi complex is critical for neuronal development, function, and stress response. Altered secretion is associated with the pathogenesis of various neurological diseases. We found that c-Jun amino-terminal kinase 3 (JNK3) inhibited secretory trafficking by promoting the depletion of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P)(More)
Viruses have demonstrated strong potential for the therapeutic targeting of glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs). In this study, the use of a herpes simplex virus carrying endostatin-angiostatin (VAE) as a novel therapeutic targeting strategy for glioblastoma-derived cancer stem cells was investigated. We isolated six stable GSC-enriched cultures from 36 human(More)
Ligand-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis activates a bifurcating second messenger system, releasing inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DG), which activates protein kinase C (PKC). Yet, in developing cat visual cortex and hippocampus, high levels of [3H]PDBu binding (labelling PKC) appear much earlier than do [3H]IP3 labelled sites.(More)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, and novel treatment modalities to improve the prognosis of patients with advanced disease are highly desirable. Oncolytic virotherapy is a promising approach for the treatment of advanced NSCLC. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may be a factor in the regulation of(More)