William W Yu

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Topical exposure to nanoscale materials is likely from a variety of sources including sunscreens and cosmetics. Because the in vivo disposition of nanoscale materials is not well understood, we have evaluated the distribution of quantum dots (QDs) following intradermal injection into female SKH-1 hairless mice as a model system for determining tissue(More)
Magnetic separations at very low magnetic field gradients (<100 tesla per meter) can now be applied to diverse problems, such as point-of-use water purification and the simultaneous separation of complex mixtures. High-surface area and monodisperse magnetite (Fe3O4) nanocrystals (NCs) were shown to respond to low fields in a size-dependent fashion. The(More)
High-quality nanocrystals formed in organic solvents can be completely solubilized in water using amphiphilic copolymers containing poly(ethylene glycol) or PEG. These copolymers are generated using a maleic anhydride coupling scheme that permits the coupling of a wide variety of PEG polymers, both unfunctionalized and functionalized, to hydrophobic tails.(More)
Quantum dots nanoparticles have novel optical properties for biomedical applications and electronics, but little is known about their skin permeability and interaction with cells. QD621 are nail-shaped nanoparticles that contain a cadmium/selenide core with a cadmium sulfide shell coated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and are soluble in water. QD were(More)
We have developed a novel nanoparticulate luminescent probe with inherent signal amplification upon interaction with a targeted proteolytic enzyme. This construct may be useful for imaging in cancer detection and diagnosis. In this system, quantum dots (QDs) are bound to gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) via a proteolytically degradable peptide sequence to(More)
Many cosmetics, sunscreens, and other consumer products are reported to contain nanoscale materials. The possible transdermal absorption of nanoscale materials and the long-term consequences of the absorption have not been determined. We used polyethylene glycol coated cadmium selenide (CdSe) core quantum dots (QD; 37 nm diameter) to evaluate the(More)
A facile and reproducible approach was reported to synthesize nanoparticle-attached SnO nanoflowers via decomposition of an intermediate product Sn6O4(OH)4. Sn6O4(OH)4 formed after introducing water into the traditional nonaqueous reaction, and then decomposed to SnO nanoflowers with the help of free metal cations, such as Sn2+, Fe2+, and Mn2+. This free(More)
A series of finely dispersed poly(vinyl-2-pyrrolidone)-stabilized platinum colloidal nanocatalysts (PVP-Pt) were prepared and characterized by TEM. Hydrogenation of monochlorobenzene (MCB) was carried out in a batch mode using hydrogen over PVP-Pt at 298 K and atmospheric pressure. The product consisted of benzene and cyclohexane during the reaction, and(More)
There is a public perception that electricity liberalisation is the major cause of recent electricity blackouts. This is reflected in the newspaper reporting of blackouts. By contrast, it was not listed as a cause in any official investigation reports. In this paper, we examine the common causes of a number of large blackouts worldwide by applying the(More)