William W Long

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BACKGROUND CONTEXT Spine surgeons employ a high volume of imaging in the diagnosis and evaluation of spinal pathology. However, little is known regarding patients' knowledge of the radiation exposure associated with these imaging techniques. PURPOSE To characterize spine patients' knowledge regarding radiation exposure from various imaging modalities. (More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective review of data collected prospectively by the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP). OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the association between preoperative hypoalbuminemia, a marker for malnutrition, and complications during the 30 days following posterior(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a frequently used technique for the treatment of lumbar pathology. Despite its overall success, LLIF has been associated with a unique set of complications. However, there has been inconsistent evidence regarding the complication rate of this approach. PURPOSE To perform a systematic review(More)
STUDY DESIGN Case-series OBJECTIVE.: The aim of the study was to investigate changes in intraoperative and postoperative parameters associated with the surgical learning curve for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA ACDF is a common surgical spine procedure. The surgical learning curve for this procedure has not been(More)
STUDY DESIGN This is a retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE To determine if preoperative mental health is associated with patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following a minimally invasive lumbar discectomy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA PROs are commonly used to quantify a patient's perceived health status. Recently, mental health has been theorized to(More)
Controversy continues surrounding the use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins (rhBMPs) in spine surgical procedures. At the present time, >20 BMPs have been discovered. Of these, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has only approved the use of one for lumbar arthrodesis: rhBMP-2. Since its approval in 2002, the use of rhBMP-2 in lumbar(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained surgical registry. OBJECTIVE To compare postoperative narcotic consumption between multimodal analgesia (MMA) and patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) after an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Studies suggest that a multimodal approach to pain(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Increased patient reliance on Internet-based health information has amplified the need for comprehensible online patient education articles. As suggested by the American Medical Association and National Institute of Health, spine fusion articles should be written for a 4th-6th-grade reading level to increase patient comprehension, which(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to quantify improvements in Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) neck and arm pain, Neck Disability Index (NDI), and Short Form-12 (SF-12) Mental (MCS) and Physical (PCS) Composite scores following an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA ACDF is(More)
OBJECTIVE Prior studies have correlated preoperative depression and poor mental health status with inferior patient-reported outcomes following lumbar spinal procedures. However, literature regarding the effect of mental health on outcomes following cervical spinal surgery is limited. As such, the purpose of this study is to test for the association of(More)