William W. L. Chin

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Oestrogen produces diverse biological effects through binding to the oestrogen receptor (ER). The ER is a steroid hormone nuclear receptor, which, when bound to oestrogen, modulates the transcriptional activity of target genes. Controversy exists, however, concerning whether ER has a role outside the nucleus, particularly in mediating the cardiovascular(More)
Retinoic acid, a developmental signal implicated in the formation of the neural axis, is present at high levels in the early embryonic trunk region, where it is synthesized by a novel dehydrogenase. Here we show that the same enzyme is inducible by retinoic acid in P19 teratocarcinoma cells, and we report the cloning from P19 cells of a cDNA encoding a(More)
Nuclear hormone receptors (NRs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors that regulate target gene transcription. We report the molecular cloning and characterization of a novel human cDNA encoding TRAM-1, a thyroid hormone receptor activator molecule, a approximately 160-kDa protein homologous with SRC-1/TIF2, by far-Western-based expression screening.(More)
In 1948, Wolff and Chaikoff reported that organic binding of iodide in the thyroid was decreased when plasma iodide levels were elevated (acute Wolff-Chaikoff effect), and that adaptation or escape from the acute effect occurred in approximately 2 days, in the presence of continued high plasma iodide concentrations. We later demonstrated that the escape is(More)
We have isolated and characterized cDNAs encoding rat galanin from a cDNA library prepared from rat hypothalamic tissue. Analysis of these clones reveals that rat galanin is synthesized initially as part of a 124-amino acid precursor that includes a signal peptide, galanin (29 amino acids), and a 60-amino acid galanin mRNA-associated peptide. In the(More)
Steroid/thyroid/retinoid receptors are members of the nuclear receptor superfamily and ligand-inducible transcription factors. These receptors modulate transcription of various cellular genes, either positively or negatively, by interacting with specific hormone-response elements located in the target gene promoters. Recent data show that nuclear receptors(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor, steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1), is expressed in the pituitary and in the gonadotrope precursor cell line, alphaT3-1, where it is believed to enhance expression of the common gonadotropin alpha-subunit gene through transactivation of the gonadotrope-specific element (GSE). Sequence analysis of the rat luteinizing hormone(More)
Leptin is thought to exert its actions on energy homeostasis through the long form of the leptin receptor (OB-Rb), which is present in the hypothalamus and in certain peripheral organs, including adipose tissue. In this study, we examined whether leptin has direct effects on the function of brown and white adipose tissue (BAT and WAT, respectively) at the(More)
A cDNA encoding a novel member of the thyroid/steroid hormone receptor superfamily, called Rev-ErbA alpha, has been isolated from a rat GH3 cell library. Rev-ErbA alpha is an approximately 56-kilodalton protein most similar in structure to the thyroid hormone receptor (c-erbA) and the retinoic acid receptor, but it does not bind either thyroid hormone or(More)