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SM22alpha is a 22-kDa smooth muscle cell (SMC) lineage-restricted protein that physically associates with cytoskeletal actin filament bundles in contractile SMCs. To examine the function of SM22alpha, gene targeting was used to generate SM22alpha-deficient (SM22(-/-LacZ)) mice. The gene targeting strategy employed resulted in insertion of the bacterial lacZ(More)
The SAP family transcription factor myocardin functionally synergizes with serum response factor (SRF) and plays an important role in cardiac development. To determine the function of myocardin in the smooth muscle cell (SMC) lineage, we mapped the pattern of myocardin gene expression and examined the molecular mechanisms underlying transcriptional activity(More)
Semiconductor nanocrystals are 1-10nm inorganic particles with unique size-dependent optical and electrical properties due to quantum confinement (so they are also called quantum dots). Quantum dots are new types of fluorescent materials for biological labeling with high quantum efficiency, long-term photostability, narrow emission, and continuous(More)
Magnetic separations at very low magnetic field gradients (<100 tesla per meter) can now be applied to diverse problems, such as point-of-use water purification and the simultaneous separation of complex mixtures. High-surface area and monodisperse magnetite (Fe3O4) nanocrystals (NCs) were shown to respond to low fields in a size-dependent fashion. The(More)
Cytoskeletal proteins play important roles in regulating cellular morphology, cytokinesis and intracellular signaling. In this report, we describe a developmentally regulated gene encoding a novel cell lineage-restricted cytoskeletal protein, designated SM22beta. SM22beta shares high-grade sequence identity with the smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific(More)
PbSe/CdSe core/shell nanocrystals with quantum yield of 70% were obtained by the "successive ion layer adsorption and reaction" technology in solution. The thickness of the CdSe shell was exactly controlled. A series of spectral red shifts with the CdSe shell growth were observed, which was attributed to the combined effect of the surface polarization and(More)
Garlic was used as a green source to synthesize carbon dots (CDs) with a systematic study of the optical and structure properties. Ethylenediamine was added into the synthesis to improve the photoluminescence quantum yield (PL QY) of the CDs. Detailed structural and composition studies demonstrated that the content of N and the formation of C-N and C=N were(More)
Quantum dot white light-emitting diodes (QD-WLEDs) were fabricated from green-and red-emitting AgInS 2 /ZnS core/shell QDs coated on GaN LEDs. Their electroluminescence (EL) spectra were measured at different currents, ranging from 50 mA to 400 mA, and showed good color stability. The modulation bandwidth of previously prepared QD-WLEDs was confirmed to be(More)
functions of fundamental building blocks enables designers to optimize costs and propagation delays of the larger units built from them. A fundamental building block of an arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is the binary adder. In this article, we examine the implementation of fixed-point adders on Xilinx 4000 series FPGA chips and cost and delay functions of(More)