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Null mutations in the progranulin gene (PGRN) have been identified as a major cause of frontotemporal dementia with ubiquitinated inclusions. In this disorder, ubiquitinated, aggregated protein inclusions of a normally nuclear-located RNA processing protein called TAR DNA binding protein (TDP-43) accumulate in the neuronal cytoplasm (FTLD-TDP). To determine(More)
Ginseng total saponins (GTS) are the major active components of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, which has been used as a popular tonic herb for 2000 years in Far East countries. In the present study, two classic animal models: the forced swimming test (FST) and the chronic mild stress (CMS) model were used to evaluate the antidepressant-like activities of GTS. It(More)
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is currently used as an alternative treatment for various inflammatory conditions as well as for cancer. Despite its widespread use, there is a paucity of data regarding its safety and efficacy as well as its mechanism of action in human cells. Herein, we demonstrate that DMSO has ex-vivo anti-inflammatory activity using(More)
The development of the cancer stem cell (CSCs) niche theory has provided a new target for the treatment of gliomas. Gene therapy using oncolytic viral vectors has shown great potential for the therapeutic targeting of CSCs. To explore whether a viral vector carrying an exogenous Endo-Angio fusion gene (VAE) can infect and kill glioma stem cells (GSCs), as(More)
The aim of this project was to demonstrate that an oncolytic herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) can replicate in a tissue- and tumor-specific fashion through both transcriptional (prostate-specific promoter, ARR(2)PB) and translational (5'-untranslated regions (5'UTRs) of rFGF-2) regulation of an essential viral gene, ICP27. We generated two recombinant(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the morphologic and molecular consequences of 30- and 90-minute central retinal artery ligation (CRAL)-induced retinal ischemia, followed by 3 and 12 hours of reperfusion, and to identify potential targets for therapy. METHODS Retinal ischemia was induced for 30 and 90 minutes by ligating the rat central retinal artery, and(More)
Cytochrome P450 2J (Cyp2J) subfamilies are recognized as catalysts of arachidonic acid metabolism in extrahepatic tissues of many species. However, to date, no P450 2J have been identified in zebrafish. We describe here a zfCyp2J1 cDNA which encodes a putative protein of 496 amino acids and shares 51%, 51%, 50%, 51% and 50% identity with mouse Cyp2J6,(More)
BACKGROUND TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) is a protein that is involved in the pathology of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD). In patients with these neurodegenerative diseases, TDP-43 does not remain in its normal nuclear location, but instead forms insoluble aggregates in both the nucleus and cytoplasm(More)
PURPOSE We explored the efficacy of the ginsenoside Rh2 and examined its impact on the effective dose of paclitaxel and mitoxantrone in the LNCaP prostate tumor model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cultured LNCaP cell viability was assessed following treatment (48 hours) with Rh2 (0 to 40 microM) alone or in combination with paclitaxel and mitoxantrone. Synergism(More)
Ginseng has been used for mood adjustment in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years. Our previous study has shown that, total ginsenosides, the major pharmacologically functional ingredients of ginseng, possess antidepressant activity. In the present study, we hypothesized that an intestinal metabolite of ginseng, 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (code(More)