Learn More
BACKGROUND Screening to detect cancer early, an increasingly important cancer control activity, cannot be effective unless it is widely used. METHODS Use of Pap smears, mammography, fecal occult blood tests (FOBTs), sigmoidoscopy, and digital rectal examination (DRE) was evaluated in the 1987, 1992, and 1998 National Health Interview Surveys. Levels and(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the effect of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) on respiratory health in a national sample of young children. METHODS The study evaluated children 2 months through 5 years of age participating in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. The group was a representative sample of the US population (N =(More)
BACKGROUND Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States and varies systematically by race-ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Previous research has often focused on disparities between particular groups, but few studies have summarized disparities across multiple subgroups(More)
OBJECTIVE There is growing interest in the extent to which body composition, both short- and long-term, differs in infants and children born at the extremes of birth weight. This is because a growing number of studies have linked low birth weight and fetal growth restriction to the chronic diseases in adulthood that often are obesity-related, and there is(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare young children 3 to 6 years of age who were born small-for-gestational age (SGA; <10th percentile for gestational age) or large-for-gestational age (LGA; >/=90th percentile) with those who were born appropriate-for-gestational age (10th-89th percentile) to determine whether there are differences in growth and fatness in early childhood(More)
Conflicting expert recommendations regarding cancer screening and prevention are growing in number, visibility, and importance, but their impact are not well understood. In this study, we examined the impact of conflicting recommendations about mammography screening on women's mammography behavior and perceptions. We conducted a secondary analysis of(More)
This study identified whether survey administration mode (telephone or in-person) and respondent type (self or proxy) result in discrepant prevalence of current smoking in the adult U.S. population, while controlling for key sociodemographic characteristics and longitudinal changes of smoking prevalence over the 11-year period from 1992-2003. We used a(More)
BACKGROUND The Myanmar army and ethnic armed groups agreed to a preliminary ceasefire in 2012, but a heavy military presence remains in southeastern Myanmar. Qualitative data suggested this militarization can result in human rights abuses in the absence of armed engagements between the parties, and that rural ethnic civilians use a variety of(More)
BACKGROUND Decades of conflict in eastern Myanmar have resulted in high prevalence of human rights violations and poor health outcomes. While recent ceasefire agreements have reduced conflict in this area, it is unknown whether this has resulted in concomitant reductions in human rights violations. METHODS AND FINDINGS We conducted a two-stage cluster(More)
  • 1