William W. Barrington

Learn More
OBJECTIVES We analyzed the incidence of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in survivors of cardiac arrest (CA) in the U.S. from 1996 through 2001. BACKGROUND Cardiac arrest is a class I indication for ICD therapy. The current patterns of ICD utilization in survivors of CA have not been fully examined. METHODS We searched a(More)
The adenosine agonist 2-(4-(2-carboxyethyl)phenylethylamino)-5'-N- ethylcarboxamidoadenos ine (CGS21680) was recently reported to be selective for the A2 adenosine receptor subtype, which mediates its hypotensive action. To investigate structure/activity relationships at a distal site, CGS21680 was derivatized using a functionalized congener approach. The(More)
BACKGROUND End-stage heart failure (HF) patients are at high risk of sudden cardiac death. This study evaluates the role of implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) in HF patients awaiting cardiac transplantation. METHODS We identified 194 consecutive patients (age 51 +/- 12 years) with New York Heart Association Class 3 or 4 HF (ejection fraction 22 +/-(More)
Dofetilide is a class III antiarrhythmic agent approved for the maintenance of sinus rhythm in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). The goal of this study was to determine if chemical cardioversion (CCV) suggests a greater sensitivity to dofetilide and, therefore, portends a higher risk of proarrhythmia. We analyzed 99 consecutive patients(More)
Inhaled manganese (Mn) can enter the olfactory bulbs via the olfactory epithelium, and can then be further transported trans-synaptically to deeper brain structures. In addition to olfactory neurons, the nasal cavity is innervated by the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve that projects to the spinal trigeminal nucleus. Direct uptake and transport of(More)
Adenosine receptors of the A1 and A2 subtypes were characterized in membranes from DDT1 MF-2 smooth muscle cells. These cells possess a high density of A1 adenosine receptors (Bmax = 0.8-0.9 pmol/mg of protein), as measured by both agonist and antagonist radioligands. Agonists compete for [125I]N6-[2-(4-amino-3-iodophenyl)ethyl]-adenosine (A1(More)
Mammalian A2-adenosine receptor binding subunits (A2AR) can be visualized by covalent labeling with the photoaffinity crosslinking ligand 125I-2-[4-[2-[2-[(4-aminophenyl)methylcarbonylamino] ethylaminocarbonyl]ethyl]phenyl]ethylamino-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoad enosine or directly with the azide derivative described in this paper. The protein comprising the(More)
Inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shocks continue to be a major source of distress to patients and a drain on the health care system. Expanding indications for ICD implantation include a large portion of patients with heart failure. This study investigated the relation between inappropriate ICD shocks and the severity of heart(More)
BACKGROUND Indications for implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation are expanding, but many primary and secondary ICD trials have excluded patients with advanced renal insufficiency. We investigated the effect of renal function on the incidence and time to first appropriate ICD shock. METHOD We analyzed data from all new ICD implantations(More)
The observation of orthostatic hypotension in an index case of manganese toxicity lead to this prospective attempt to evaluate cardiovascular autonomic function and cognitive and emotional neurotoxicity in eight manganese alloy welders and machinists. The subjects consisted of a convenience sample consisting of an index case of manganese dementia, his four(More)