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Vertebrate vision is mediated by five groups of visual pigments, each absorbing a specific wavelength of light between ultraviolet and red. Despite extensive mutagenesis analyses, the mechanisms by which contemporary pigments absorb variable wavelengths of light are poorly understood. We show that the molecular basis of the spectral tuning of contemporary(More)
We studied specific yeast communities vectored by beetles, drosophilids, and bees that visit ephemeral flowers, mostly in the genus Hibiscus and in the families Convolvulaceae and Cactaceae, in the Neotropical, Nearctic, and Australian biogeographic regions. The communities consist mostly of yeasts in four clades centered around the genera Metschnikowia,(More)
Two new yeast species were isolated from flowers of Hibiscus species in Eastern and Northern Australia. Kodamaea kakaduensis is heterothallic, haploid, and similar to other Kodamaea species and to Candida restingae. Buds are often produced on short protuberances, and a true mycelium is formed. The new species differs from others by the assimilation of(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the Adh region of Drosophila mojavensis has been completed and the region found to contain a pseudogene, Adh-2 and Adh-1 arranged in that order. Comparison of the sequence divergence of these genes to one another and to the Adh region of Drosophila mulleri and other species has allowed the development of a model for the evolution(More)
Delta/Serrate/LAG-2 (DSL) proteins are putative transmembrane signaling molecules that regulate cell differentiation in metazoans. DSL proteins are characterized by the presence of a motif unique to these proteins, the DSL motif, and a variable number of tandemly repeated copies of an epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) motif. We have completed a(More)
Two new haplontic heterothallic species of Metschnikowia were isolated from floricolous insects and flowers. Metschnikowia lochheadii was recovered from insects found in various flowers on the Hawaiian Islands of Kauai and Maui, and from Conotelus sp. (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in northwestern Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica. The morphology, physiology, and(More)
These studies report the existence of multiple forms of alcohol dehydrogenase in extracts of Drosophila mojavensis. The existence of these forms can be best explained by the hypothesis of a duplication for the Adh locus in D. mojavensis. Electrophoretic variants at each locus have been identified and crosses between individuals carrying alternative alleles(More)
Representative strains (n = 61) of the yeast Pichia kluyveri from across the United States were studied for their ability to kill 71 other strains (representing 25 species) of yeast. This survey showed killing activity in 69% of the P. kluyveri strains tested. More extensive analysis of killer activity of 197 P. kluyveri strains against strains of five(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying traits that reproductively isolate species, and the selective forces underlying their divergence, is a central goal of evolutionary biology and speciation research. There is growing recognition that postcopulatory sexual selection, which can drive rapid diversification of interacting ejaculate and female reproductive tract traits that(More)