William T. Jewell

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Consumption of tomato products has been associated with decreased risk of some cancer types, and the tomato antioxidant, lycopene, is thought to play an important role in the observed health effects. In this study, four carotenoids, trans-lycopene, phytofluene, phytoene, and zeta-carotene, were quantified in tomato products. Samples of raw tomatoes, tomato(More)
Molinate is a thiocarbamate herbicide widely used in rice culture. Studies conducted for regulatory purposes have indicated that molinate exposure causes male reproductive damage in rats. The present study describes the testicular lesion after administration of single doses of molinate. The hypothesis that a metabolite of molinate is responsible for(More)
Molinate, a herbicide widely used on rice, has been previously shown to cause testicular toxicity when a single dose is administered to Sprague-Dawley rats. The sulfoxide metabolite of molinate also was capable of eliciting testicular damage but at lower dose levels than molinate, suggesting that metabolic activation via sulfoxidation could be important in(More)
Naphthalene is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant that results in dose-dependent and tissue-, species-, and cell-selective necrosis of murine Clara cells upon exposure. Naphthalene is metabolized by CYP2F to a 1,2-epoxide, the first and obligate step in events leading to cytotoxicity. The studies reported here examine the relationship between levels of(More)
Airway epithelial cells are a susceptible site for injury by ambient air toxicants such as naphthalene that undergo P450-dependent metabolic activation. The metabolism of naphthalene in Clara cells to reactive intermediates that bind covalently to proteins correlates with cell toxicity. Although several proteins adducted by reactive naphthalene metabolites(More)
The significance of free radicals in biology has been established by numerous investigations spanning a period of over 40 years. Whereas there are many intracellular targets for these radical species, the importance of cysteine thiol posttranslational modification has received considerable attention. The current studies present a highly sensitive method for(More)
Molinate undergoes oxidative metabolism forming either ring-hydroxylated metabolites or molinate sulfoxide. Our previous studies strongly implicated the sulfoxidation pathway in molinate-induced testicular toxicity. The present study compares the metabolic capability of rat and human liver microsomes and slices to form either nontoxic ring-hydroxylated(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a family of detoxification enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of glutathione (GSH) to electrophiles, thus preventing toxicity. This study characterized the cytosolic GST classes of juvenile white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) liver, using two methods of isolation. The first, which employed affinity(More)
Electrophilic compounds are ubiquitous in the environment and aquatic life is inevitably affected. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a class of enzymes that facilitate the detoxification of these electrophiles in phase II metabolism. In this study, cytosolic GSTs were isolated and characterized from striped bass liver (Morone saxitilis). Nanospray(More)
Four cytosolic glutathione S-transferase (GST) classes were isolated and characterized from juvenile winter run Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) liver. Two techniques were used: (1) gel electrophoresis/immunoblotting against a polyclonal striped bass GST antibody and (2) high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). Nanospray liquid(More)