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The antihistamine, pyrilamine maleate, was fed for up to 2 years to groups of 57 Fischer 344 (F344) rats of each sex at dietary levels of 0, 300, 1500, or 3000 ppm (free base). Eight or nine of these rats per sex and dose group were killed at 65 weeks to analyze hematology and clinical chemistry in all groups and histopathology of control and high-dose(More)
The antihistamine triprolidine hydrochloride, was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 250, 1000, or 2000 ppm (as the free base) to groups of 60 Fischer 344 (F344) rats of each sex for up to 2 years to evaluate its potential carcinogenicity. Up to 12 per sex from each group were killed at 65 weeks, and hematology, clinical chemistry, and histopathology were(More)
Triprolidine hydrochloride was fed to groups of 60 B6C3F1 mice per sex at dietary levels of 0, 500, 2000, or 4000 ppm (as the free base) for up to 2 years. Up to 12 mice of each sex and dose group were terminated after 65 weeks for hematology and clinical chemistry. The control and high-dose groups were examined histologically. A complete histopathological(More)
Chloral hydrate is widely used as a sedative in pediatric medicine and is a by-product of water chlorination and a metabolic intermediate in the biotransformation of trichloroethylene. Chloral hydrate and its major metabolite, trichloroacetic acid, induce liver tumors in B6C3F1 mice, a strain that can exhibit high rates of background liver tumor incidence,(More)
Partially purified fractions of rat liver arylhydroxamic acid acyltransferase were used as the external metabolic amounts of transfer RNA in the external media. The exog enous transfer RNA, up to 10 mg/plate, had no effect on the mutagenicity of N-2-fluorenylacetamide. These data support the conclusions that (a) S. typhimu rium strain TA 1538 does not(More)
The rat mammary carcinogen, N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene (N-hydroxy-2-AAF), has been proposed to be metabolically activated by mammary cytosolic N,O-acetyltransferase to a DNA binding species. To test this hypothesis, adult female Sprague-Dawley derived CD rats were treated, i.p., with 4.0 mg/kg [ring-3H]N-hydroxy-2-AAF. After 4 h, 1, 3, 14, and 28 days,(More)
Genistein is a plant-derived estrogenic isoflavone commonly found in soy-based products such as soymilk and soy-based dietary supplements for treating menopausal symptoms, for example. Vasopressin is a neurosecretory nonapeptide synthesized primarily in neurons of the hypothalamus and secreted into the bloodstream from the posterior lobe of the pituitary.(More)
N-Hydroxyarylamides are metabolically activated to nucleic acid-binding species by the action of N,O-acyltransferase (AT). The substrate specificity of these enzymes in rat, guinea pig, monkey, baboon, pig, and human liver has been examined by measuring the AT-mediated nucleic acid binding of the N-formyl, N-acetyl, and N-propionyl derivatives of(More)
The non-human primate has been a useful model for studies of human acute radiation syndrome (ARS). However, to date structural changes in various parts of the intestine after total body irradiation (TBI) have not been systematically studied in this model. Here we report on our current study of TBI-induced intestinal structural injury in the non-human(More)