William T Allaben

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Partially purified fractions of rat liver arylhydroxamic acid acyltransferase were used as the external metabolic activation system for N-hydroxy-N-2-fluorenylacetamide in a Salmonella typhimurium mutagenicity assay system. Salmonella strain TA 1538, which is sensitive to arylamine derivatives, was utilized as the indicator strain. Acyltrans ferase,(More)
The antihistamine, pyrilamine maleate, was fed for up to 2 years to groups of 57 Fischer 344 (F344) rats of each sex at dietary levels of 0, 300, 1500, or 3000 ppm (free base). Eight or nine of these rats per sex and dose group were killed at 65 weeks to analyze hematology and clinical chemistry in all groups and histopathology of control and high-dose(More)
Triprolidine hydrochloride was fed to groups of 60 B6C3F1 mice per sex at dietary levels of 0, 500, 2000, or 4000 ppm (as the free base) for up to 2 years. Up to 12 mice of each sex and dose group were terminated after 65 weeks for hematology and clinical chemistry. The control and high-dose groups were examined histologically. A complete histopathological(More)
The antihistamine triprolidine hydrochloride, was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 250, 1000, or 2000 ppm (as the free base) to groups of 60 Fischer 344 (F344) rats of each sex for up to 2 years to evaluate its potential carcinogenicity. Up to 12 per sex from each group were killed at 65 weeks, and hematology, clinical chemistry, and histopathology were(More)
Usnic acid is a lichen metabolite used as a weight-loss dietary supplement due to its uncoupling action on mitochondria. However, its use has been associated with severe liver disorders in some individuals. Animal studies conducted thus far evaluated the effects of usnic acid on mitochondria primarily by measuring the rate of oxygen consumption and/or ATP(More)
Chloral hydrate is widely used as a sedative in pediatric medicine and is a by-product of water chlorination and a metabolic intermediate in the biotransformation of trichloroethylene. Chloral hydrate and its major metabolite, trichloroacetic acid, induce liver tumors in B6C3F1 mice, a strain that can exhibit high rates of background liver tumor incidence,(More)
The rat mammary carcinogen, N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene (N-hydroxy-2-AAF), has been proposed to be metabolically activated by mammary cytosolic N,O-acetyltransferase to a DNA binding species. To test this hypothesis, adult female Sprague-Dawley derived CD rats were treated, i.p., with 4.0 mg/kg [ring-3H]N-hydroxy-2-AAF. After 4 h, 1, 3, 14, and 28 days,(More)
N-Hydroxyarylamides are metabolically activated to nucleic acid-binding species by the action of N,O-acyltransferase (AT). The substrate specificity of these enzymes in rat, guinea pig, monkey, baboon, pig, and human liver has been examined by measuring the AT-mediated nucleic acid binding of the N-formyl, N-acetyl, and N-propionyl derivatives of(More)
Glucosamine is used for alleviating pain in osteoarthritis. Clinical trials have reported that glucosamine has equivocal efficacy. Glucosamine is also used in cell cultures to stimulate hexosamine flux and protein O-glycosylation, but at many-fold greater concentrations than those in human plasma following oral dosing. Lean Zucker rats were dosed orally for(More)