William Stott

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Upper respiratory tract (URT) absorption of several compounds with differing water solubilities and potentials to cause lesions of the nasal mucosa were studied in rats. Absorption of propylene glycol monomethyl ether (PGME), PGME acetate (PGMEAc), ethyl acrylate (EA), epichlorohydrin (EPI), styrene (STY), nitroethane (NE), ethylene dibromide (EDB), and(More)
Diethanolamine (DEA), a secondary amine found in a number of consumer products, reportedly induces liver tumors in mice. In an attempt to define the tumorigenic mechanism of DEA, N-nitrosodiethanolamine (NDELA) formation in vivo and development of choline deficiency were examined in mice. DEA was administered with or without supplemental sodium nitrite to(More)
The metabolism of [1,2-14C]vinyl bromide (VBR) to products irreversibly bound to DNA and protein was examined in rat liver microsomes, reconstituted cytochrome P-450 systems, and isolated hepatocytes. A role for cytochrome P-450 was confirmed using inhibition and reconstitution experiments. The major form of cytochrome P-450 involved in VBR metabolism does(More)
Potential factors underlying the tumorigenic activity of ethylbenzene (EB) were examined in F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice inhaling 750 ppm EB vapor 6 h/day, 5 days/week, for one or four weeks. Target tissues (kidneys of rats and livers and lungs of mice) were evaluated for changes in organ weights, mixed function oxygenases (MFO), glucuronosyl transferase(More)
Blood-flow distribution was determined in pentobarbital-anesthetized male B6C3F1 mice, using intracardially administered 141Ce-radiolabelled microspheres (10 micro Ci). The proportion of cardiac output and blood flow per g tissue was determined in 18 organs and tissues, including the nasal cavity, lobes of the liver, individual kidneys and sections of the(More)
The chemistry, biochemistry, toxicity, and industrial use of monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), and triethanolamine (TEA) are reviewed. The dual function groups, amino and hydroxyl, make them useful in cutting fluids and as intermediates in the production of surfactants, soaps, salts, corrosion control inhibitors, and in pharmaceutical and(More)
Diethanolamine (DEA) is a chemical used widely in a number of industries and is present in many consumer products. Studies by the National Toxicology Program (NTP) have indicated that lifetime dermal exposure to DEA increased the incidence and multiplicity of liver tumors in mice, but not in rats. In addition, DEA was not carcinogenic when tested in the(More)
An increasing number of beneficial and economically important drugs, industrial chemicals, and agrichemicals are being found to cause a dose-related hepatomegaly in rodent species which is associated with the proliferation of the subcellular organelle, the peroxisome. The prolonged proliferation of hepatocellular peroxisomes and the enhanced production of(More)
The in vitro activity of carboxylesterase recovered from the nasal mucosal tissue of B6C3F1/CrlBR mice toward several agents known to cause olfactory epithelial lesions when inhaled by rodents was determined. Apparent Vmax and Km values were obtained for mouse nasal carboxylesterase using ethylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate (EGMEAc), ethylene glycol(More)