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Male and female Fischer 344 rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed by inhalation to target concentrations of 0, 5, 20, or 60 ppm (0, 22.7, 90.8, or 272 mg/m3) technical-grade 1,3-dichloropropene (DCPT) 6 hr/day, 5 days/week, for up to 2 years. Ancillary groups of rats and mice were exposed for 6- and 12-month periods. Significant treatment-related nonneoplastic(More)
Male and female Fischer 344 rats and B6C3F1 mice (10/sex/ dose group) were given 0, 5, 15, 50, or 100 mg/kg/day (rats) or 0, 15, 50, 100, or 175 (mice) mg/kg/day racemic 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D), respectively, via their diets for 13 weeks. Satellite groups of rats (recovery = 10 rats/sex/group) ingesting 0 or 100 mg/kg/ day 1,3-D were provided control(More)
In order to provide a comprehensive subchronic inhalation toxicity study of the soil fumigant, technical grade 1,3-dichloropropene (DCPT), male and female Fischer 344 rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to 0, 10, 30, 90, or 150 ppm DCPT vapors 6 hr/day, 5 days/week for 13 weeks. The primary target tissues of inhaled DCPT were identified as the nasal mucosa of(More)
The chemistry, biochemistry, toxicity, and industrial use of monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), and triethanolamine (TEA) are reviewed. The dual function groups, amino and hydroxyl, make them useful in cutting fluids and as intermediates in the production of surfactants, soaps, salts, corrosion control inhibitors, and in pharmaceutical and(More)
Fischer 344 rats and B6C3F1 mice were administered 1, 3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) via their diets for up to 2 years, at dose levels of 0, 2.5, 12.5, or 25 mg 1,3-D/kg body wt/day for rats and 0, 2.5, 25, or 50 mg 1,3-D/kg body wt/day for mice. The test material was stabilized in the feed by microencapsulation in a starch/sucrose matrix (80/20%). Rats given(More)
The potential toxicologic effects to dogs of 1,3-dichloropropene (1, 3-D), a soil fumigant used for the control of nematodes, were investigated. The 13-week subchronic toxicity study consisted of male and female beagle dogs (4/sex/dose group) given approximately 0, 5, 15, or 41 mg 1,3-D/kg body wt/day (approximately equivalent amounts of cis and trans(More)
Upper respiratory tract (URT) absorption of several compounds with differing water solubilities and potentials to cause lesions of the nasal mucosa were studied in rats. Absorption of propylene glycol monomethyl ether (PGME), PGME acetate (PGMEAc), ethyl acrylate (EA), epichlorohydrin (EPI), styrene (STY), nitroethane (NE), ethylene dibromide (EDB), and(More)
Diethanolamine (DEA), a secondary amine found in a number of consumer products, reportedly induces liver tumors in mice. In an attempt to define the tumorigenic mechanism of DEA, N-nitrosodiethanolamine (NDELA) formation in vivo and development of choline deficiency were examined in mice. DEA was administered with or without supplemental sodium nitrite to(More)
Tumorigenic mechanisms due to chemical exposure are broadly classified as either genotoxic or nongenotoxic. Genotoxic mechanisms are generally well defined; however nongenotoxic modes of tumorgenesis are less straightforward. This study was undertaken to help elucidate dose-response changes in gene expression (transcriptome) in the liver of rats in response(More)