William Spinelli

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The effects of the ATP-dependent potassium channel agonists ZD6169, celikalim, and WAY-133537 on bladder contractile function were examined in vitro on isolated bladder strips and in vivo on spontaneous bladder contractions. All three compounds produced a concentration-dependent relaxation of isolated rat detrusor strips (IC50 values = 0.93, 0.03, and 0.09(More)
Data pre-filtering is often used in linear identification to increase model accuracy in a specified frequency band, as pre-filtering is equivalent to a frequency weighting on the prediction error function. However, this interpretation applies only to a strictly linear setting of the identification problem. In this paper, the role of data and error(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives were (a) to evaluate the effects of WAY-123,398, a new class III antiarrhythmic agent, on the action potential of canine Purkinje fibres in comparison with dofetilide, E-4031, and dl-sotalol, and (b) to characterise the mechanism of the class III action by studying its effects on several ionic currents in isolated cat myocytes. (More)
Mutations in the HERG gene are linked to the LQT2 form of the inherited long-QT syndrome. Transgenic mice were generated expressing high myocardial levels of a particularly severe form of LQT2-associated HERG mutation (G628S). Hearts from G628S mice appeared normal except for a modest enlargement seen only in females. Ventricular myocytes isolated from(More)
Previous studies in isolated ventricular myocytes showed that WAY-123,398 is a selective blocker of the delayed rectifier K+ current (IK). In this report, we studied the electrophysiological and hemodynamic effects of WAY-123,398 in open-chest anesthetized dogs. WAY-123,398 prolonged atrial and ventricular refractoriness without affecting conduction;(More)
The synthesis and Class III antiarrhythmic activity of a series of 4-[(methylsulfonyl)amino]benzamides and sulfonamides are described. Selected compounds show a potent Class III activity and are devoid of effects on conduction both in vitro (dog Purkinje fibers) and in vivo (anesthetized dogs). Compounds having a 2-aminobenzimidazole group were found to be(More)
— This paper deals with the problem of quadratic stabilization of switched affine systems, where the state of the switched system has to be driven to a point (the " switched equilibrium ") which is not in the set of subsystems equilibria. Quadratic stability of the switched equilibrium is assessed using a continuous Lyapunov function, having piecewise(More)
The cardiac electrophysiologic effects of the potassium channel activators cromakalim, pinacidil and nicorandil were determined in anesthetized open-chest normotensive dogs using conventional surface electrogram recording techniques. Intravenous administration of cromakalim (0.025-0.5 mg/kg), pinacidil (0.1-2.0 mg/kg) and nicorandil (0.1-2.5 mg/kg) produced(More)
1. We investigated the effects of two 5-HT3 antagonists, ondansetron and granisetron, on the action potential duration (APD) and the delayed rectifier current (IK) of feline isolated ventricular myocytes. Whole-cell current and action potential recordings were performed at 37 degrees C with the patch clamp technique. 2. Ondansetron and granisetron blocked(More)
The inhibition of the adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K+ (KATP) current by disopyramide, a class Ia antiarrhythmic drug, was studied using whole cell voltage clamp in cat ventricular myocytes at 37 degrees C and was compared to that seen with quinidine, a prototypical class Ia drug. The inhibition of the levcromakalim-induced KATP current was concentration(More)