William Snow

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We present our experiences to date building ONOS (Open Network Operating System), an experimental distributed SDN control platform motivated by the performance, scalability, and availability requirements of large operator networks. We describe and evaluate two ONOS prototypes. The first version implemented core features: a distributed, but logically(More)
Virtualized environments have been around for a long time, but until recently these have focused solely on compute virtualization and left the network behind. Network virtualization enables multiple tenants to share the same physical infrastructure by decoupling the physical network from the virtual network. In this paper, we introduce OpenVirteX, a Network(More)
The house-entering behaviour of nocturnal mosquitoes was studied in The Gambia. Mosquitoes were captured as they attacked man in the open and in experimental huts which comprised 1.8 m cube frames with corrugated iron roofs and plywood walls of various heights. Catches of all species were similar in the open and in a roofed, but unwalled, hut frame. The(More)
Species- and strain-specific DNA probes were used to identify patent midgut infections in Glossina morsitans submorsitans and G. palpalis gambiensis captured at four sites in The Gambia. 52% of mature Nannomonas infections and 12% of immature infections were identified. Trypanosoma (Nannomonas) simiae accounted for the majority of identified infections in(More)
Twelve light trap collections made near overnight shelters of horses and donkeys in four villages in the Central River Division of The Gambia captured fourteen species of biting midge of the genus Culicoides. Five species new to The Gambia were identified. This brought the number of recognized species of Culicoides (after a revision of C. schultzei) to(More)
The prevalence of trypanosome infections in Djallonké sheep and West African Dwarf goats at different sites in The Gambia showed a significant, positive correlation with contemporary assessments of tsetse challenge. A similar correlation was observed in village N'Dama cattle which showed comparable prevalence values in the same areas. Trypanosome(More)
The use of trypanotolerant livestock is considered to be an important strategy for the control of African animal trypanosomiasis. In order to define the extent of the differences in susceptibility and productivity, 10 Zebu cows (a breed considered trypanosusceptible) and 10 N'Dama cows (a breed recognised for trypanotolerance) were exposed to a natural(More)
  • William Snow
  • Annals of tropical medicine and parasitology
  • 1980
There was a relationship between wind speed and catches of Anopheles melas and Culex thalassius which attempted to bite man at ground level and at 4 and 8 m on an open scaffolding tower, in cleared bush in The Gambia. It was expected that in winds which exceeded their flight speed, no mosquitoes would be able to approach and attack men on the tower. Catches(More)
  • William Snow
  • The Journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
  • 1983
The succession of mosquito species and their abundance was observed through one cycle of dry-season irrigated rice cultivation near Bansang in The Gambia. The study covered a 21-week period, February-June 1975. Mosquitoes were sampled using a single suction trap located in a dry field beside the rice fields. Few mosquitoes were present before irrigation(More)
Trypanosomes from 36 midgut infections were isolated in procyclic culture from Glossina morsitans submorsitans and G. palpalis gambiensis in The Gambia. Twenty-eight stocks (78%) were identified using DNA probes specific for: (a) Trypanosoma (Nannomonas) congolense savannah type, (b) T. (N.) congolense riverine-forest type, (c) T. (N.) simiae and (d)(More)